Volume 77, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Snake bites in persons while they are asleep indoors are associated with a high risk of fatal outcome in southeastern Nepal. The preventive impact of sleeping under a bed net was assessed in four villages in a case-control study. A case was defined as a person with a history of snake bite that occurred indoors while asleep. Cases were matched with controls by village, type of household, sex, and age category. Of the 11,176 households visited, 56 cases, including 13 (23%) with a fatal outcome and 56 controls were included in the analysis. Sleeping under a bed net was a strong protective factor (odds ratio = 0.02, 95% confidence interval = 0.007–0.07, < 0.0001), whereas the place of sleeping in the household and the use of a cot were not associated with the risk of snake bite. These findings provide further support for use of bed nets in this region.


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  • Received : 14 Dec 2006
  • Accepted : 04 Apr 2007
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