Volume 77, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The pathologic manifestations of infection depend on the interplay between the host and the parasite. A genetic single nucleotide polymorphism in the FcγRIIa gene, resulting in arginine (R) or histidine (H) at position 131, affects the binding to the different IgG subclasses and may influence the clinical variations seen in onchocerciasis. This study investigated the relationship between this polymorphism and disease outcome. FcγRIIa genotyping was performed on clinically characterized onchocerciasis patients ( = 100) and healthy controls ( = 74). FcγRIIa genotype R/R131 frequencies were significantly higher among patients with severe dermatopathology ( < 0.001). Increased risk of developing this form was mostly associated with one tribe (Masalit) (OR = 3.2, 95% CI 1–9.9, = 0.042). The H131 allele was found to be significantly associated with a reduced risk of having the severe form of the disease (adjusted OR = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.13–0.46, < 0.001). Our findings suggest that the polymorphism influences the clinical outcome of onchocerciasis.


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  • Received : 13 Mar 2007
  • Accepted : 02 Jul 2007

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