1921
Volume 76, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Vivax malaria re-emerged in the Republic of Korea (ROK) in 1993. The annual incidence of this disease, which had increased rapidly through 2000 with geographic expansion, started to decrease in 2001, reaching 864 cases in 2004; however, the trends changed in 2005 when 1,304 cases were reported. Among 2,168 cases of vivax malaria reported from 2004 through 2005, 389 cases (17.9%) were ROK military personnel, 565 cases (26.1%) were veterans who had been discharged from the military within 2 years of report of infection, and 1,214 cases (56.0%) were civilians. Local transmission might have taken place during this period in the southern side of the Demilitarized Zone. Regional increase of vivax malaria in North Korea, increased local transmissions in ROK, and active transmission by vector mosquitoes during the transmission season might be important factors responsible for the re-increase of vivax malaria in ROK during 2005.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.76.865
2007-05-01
2017-11-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/76/5/0760865.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.76.865&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Hasegawa Y, 1913. Malaria in Korea. Chosun Igakkai Zasshi 4 : 53–69.
  2. Hankey DD, Jones R, Coatney GR, Alving AS, Coker WG, Garrison PL, Donovan WL, 1955. Korean vivax malaria. I. Natural history and response to chloroquine. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2 : 958–969.
  3. Paik YH, Ree HI, Shim JC, 1988. Malaria in Korea. Jpn J Exp Med 58 : 55–66.
  4. Ree HI, 2000. Unstable vivax malaria in Korea. Korean J Parasitol 38 : 119–138.
  5. World Health Organization, 1981. Synopsis of the world malaria situation in 1979. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 56 : 145–149.
  6. Park JW, Klein TA, Lee HC, Pacha LA, Ryu SH, Yeom JS, Moon SH, Kim TS, Chai JY, Oh MD, Choe KW, 2003. Vivax malaria: a continuing health threat to the Republic of Korea. Am J Trop Med Hyg 69 : 159–167.
  7. Ree HI, 1998. Can malaria be endemic in South Korea? Korean J Infect Dis 30 : 397–400.
  8. Yeom JS, Ryu SH, Oh S, Lee WJ, Kim TS, Kim KH, Kim YA, Ahn SY, Cha JE, Park JW, 2005. Status of Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea during 2001–2003. Am J Trop Med Hyg 73 : 604–608.
  9. Shute PG, Lupascu G, Branzei P, Maryon M, Constantinescu P, Bruce-Chwatt LJ, Draper CC, Killick-Kendrick R, Garnham PC, 1977. A strain of Plasmodium vivax characterized by prolonged incubation: the effect of numbers of sporozoites on the length of the prepatant period. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 70 : 474–481.
  10. Lee JS, Lee WJ, Cho SH, Ree HI, 2002. Outbreak of vivax malaria in areas adjacent to the Demilitarized Zone, South Korea, 1998. Am J Trop Med Hyg 66 : 13–17.
  11. Regional WHO, Office for South East Asia. Trend of malaria cases (including clinical) in DPRK, 2002–2005. Available at: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Malaria_in_the_SEAR_trend.pdf. Accessed September 15, 2006.
  12. Regional WHO, Office for South East Asia. Level of malaria endemicity in DPRK. Available at: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Malaria_in_the_SEAR_Malariarisk.pdf. Accessed September 15, 2006.
  13. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005. Effectiveness and safety of primaquine chemoprophylaxis against P. vivax before transmission season. Report of Bi-regional Meeting for Control of Malaria in East Asia. November 17–20, 2005.
  14. Yeom JS, Ryu SH, Oh S, Choi DH, Song KJ, Oh YH, Lee JH, Kim YA, Ahn SY, Yang HY, Cha JE, Park JW, 2005. Evaluation of anti-malarial effects of mass chemoprophylaxis in the Republic of Korea army. J Korean Med Sci 25 : 707–712.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.76.865
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.76.865
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 17 Oct 2006
  • Accepted : 26 Jan 2007

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error