1921
Volume 76, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Transmission of is hyperendemic in southern Zambia. However, no data on the entomologic aspects of malaria transmission have been published from Zambia in more than 25 years. We evaluated seasonal malaria transmission by and s.s. and characterized the blood feeding behavior of in two village areas. Transmission during the 2004–2005 rainy season was nearly zero because of widespread drought. During 2005–2006, the estimated entomologic inoculation rate values were 1.6 and 18.3 infective bites per person per transmission season in each of the two village areas, respectively. Finally, with a human blood index of 0.923, was substantially more anthropophilic in our study area than comparable samples of indoor-resting throughout Africa and was the primary vector responsible for transmission of .

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  • Received : 13 Sep 2006
  • Accepted : 31 Oct 2006

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