Volume 75, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The prevalence and species distribution of and in the Venda region were determined in stool samples collected from public hospitals and primary schools by ELISA and a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). was detected in 37/197 (18.8%) and 1/47 (2.1%) samples, whereas 50/197 (25.3%) and 4/47 (8.5%) had in the hospitals and schools, respectively. The age groups most infected were 0–2 (33%) years followed by 20–29 years (27%). was significantly associated with diarrhea (77.4% versus 22.6%; χ = 39.48, < 0.05), and with the presence of lactoferrin (85.7% versus 14.2%) in the stools, indicating intestinal inflammation (χ = 29.605, < 0.05). was found in 5 (16.12%) of the 31 HIV-positive individuals and in 33 (15.5%) of the 213 HIV-negative individuals. infections are common in the Venda region and are associated with diarrhea and intestinal inflammation.


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  • Received : 09 Feb 2006
  • Accepted : 13 May 2006

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