Volume 75, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Serologic surveys in Egypt have documented human and animal exposure to vector-borne bacterial pathogens, but the presence and distribution of these agents in arthropods has not been determined. Between July 2002 and July 2003, fleas were collected from 221 mammals trapped in 17 cities throughout Egypt. A total of 987 fleas were collected, representing four species (, , , and ); 899 of these fleas were from rats ( spp.). Fleas were tested for DNA from spp., spp., , spp., spp., and , the agent of murine typhus, was detected in and from rats from nine cities. A spotted-fever group sp. similar to “RF2125” was detected in , and two unidentified spotted fever group were detected in two . Novel genotypes were detected in and from three cities. was detected in two fleas. , , and were not detected.


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  • Received : 12 Sep 2005
  • Accepted : 21 Feb 2006

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