Volume 75, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The potential relationship between and anemia was examined using data obtained by the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI) before (baseline) and 1 year after (follow-up) a chemotherapeutic treatment program in Uganda. Changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels in 2,788 children in relation to their schistosomiasis and/or hookworm infection intensity category and baseline anemia status were analyzed. At baseline, significant predictors of childhood anemia were intensities of and hookworm infection. At follow-up, moderate or heavy hookworm as well as heavy infections were important. Children heavily infected with or hookworm had significantly lower Hb counts at baseline compared with those not infected. Among anemic children at the baseline survey, a significant increase in Hb counts of 0.834 g/dL after treatment was found. Our results suggest that anemia is associated with schistosomiasis and hookworm in Ugandan children and that such anemia shows a significant improvement after chemotherapy.


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  • Received : 11 Nov 2005
  • Accepted : 15 Feb 2006

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