1921
Volume 75, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that variation in the distribution of vectors associated to the transmission of species may be related to climatic changes. However, the potential implications of these ecological changes in human health need to be further defined in various endemic populations where leishmaniasis carries a substantial burden of disease such as in Northeastern Colombia. Herein, we report the impact of El Niño Southern Oscillation climatic fluctuations during 1985–2002 in the occurrence of cases of leishmaniasis in two northeastern provinces of Colombia. During this period, we identified that during El Niño, cases of leishmaniasis increased, whereas during La Niña phases, leishmaniasis cases decreased. This preliminary data show how climatic changes influence the occurrence of leishmaniasis in northeastern Colombia and contributes to the growing body of evidence that shows that the incidence of vector-borne diseases is associated with annual changes in weather conditions.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.273
2006-08-01
2017-11-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/75/2/0750273.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.273&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Davies CR, Reithinger R, Campbell-Lendrum D, Feliciangeli D, Borges R, Rodriguez N, 2000. The epidemiology and control of leishmaniasis in Andean countries. Cad Saude Publica 16 : 925–950.
  2. Feliciangeli MD, 2004. Natural breeding places of phlebotomine sandflies. Med Vet Entomol 18 : 71–80.
  3. Cárdenas R, Sandoval CM, Rodríguez-Morales AJ, Hernández Rangel D, Jaimes E, Mendoza JG, 2004. Medio Ambiente y Protozoosis Sistémicas. II. Características Fisiográficas del Entorno y su Asociación en la Leishmaniasis Visceral. Academia 3 : 35–40.
  4. Sutherst RW, 2004. Global change and human vulnerability to vector-borne diseases. Clin Microbiol Rev 17 : 136–173.
  5. Rodriguez-Morales AJ, 2005. Ecoepidemiología y Epidemiología Satelital: Nuevas Herramientas en el Manejo de Problemas en Salud Pública. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 22 : 54–63.
  6. Cross ER, Hyams KC, 1996. The potential effect of global warming on the geographic and seasonal distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi in southwest Asia. Environ Health Perspect 104 : 724–727.
  7. Cross ER, Newcomb WW, Tucker CJ, 1996. Use of weather data and remote sensing to predict the geographic and seasonal distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi in southwest Asia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 54 : 530–536.
  8. Kuhn KG, 1999. Global warming and leishmaniasis in Italy. Bull Trop Med Int Health 7 : 1–2.
  9. Kovats RS, Campbell-Lendrum DH, McMichael AJ, Woodward A, Cox JS, 2001. Early effects of climate change: Do they include changes in vector-borne disease? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356 : 1057–1068.
  10. Alexander B, Ferro C, Young DG, Morales A, Tesh RB, 1992. Ecology of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a focus of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in northeastern Colombia. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 87 : 387–395.
  11. Alexander B, Agudelo LA, Navarro F, Ruiz F, Molina J, Aguilera G, Quinones ML, 2001. Phlebotomine sandflies and leishmaniasis risks in Colombian coffee plantations under two systems of cultivation. Med Vet Entomol 15 : 364–373.
  12. NOAA, 2004. Climate prediction center. Available at http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/. Accessed July 1, 2004.
  13. Patz JA, McGeehin MA, Bernard SM, Ebi KL, Epstein PR, Grambsch A, Gubler DJ, Reither P, Romieu I, Rose JB, Samet JM, Trtanj J, 2000. The potential health impacts of climate variability and change for the United States: Executive summary of the report of the health sector of the U.S. National Assessment. Environ Health Perspect 108 : 367–376.
  14. McMichael AJ, Campbell-Lendrum DH, Corvalan CF, Ebi KL, Scheraga JD, Woodwards A, eds, 2003. Climate change and human health. Geneva: WHO, WMO, and UNEP.
  15. Rogers DJ, Randolph SE, Snow RW, Hay SI, 2002. Satellite imagery in the study and forecast of malaria. Nature 415 : 710–715.
  16. Zhou G, Minakawa N, Githeko AK, Yan G, 2005. Climate variability and malaria epidemics in the highlands of East Africa. Trends Parasitol 21 : 54–56.
  17. Benítez JA, Rodríguez A, Sojo M, Lobo H, Villegas C, Oviedo L, Brown E, 2004. Descripción de un Brote Epidémico de Malaria de Altura en un área originalmente sin Malaria del Estado Trujillo, Venezuela. Bol Malariol Salud Ambiental 44 : 93–100.
  18. Cazelles B, Chavez M, McMichael AJ, Hales S, 2005. Nonstationary influence of El Nino on the synchronous dengue epidemics in Thailand. PLoS Med 2 : e106.
  19. Afonso MO, Campino L, Cortes S, Alves-Pires C, 2005. The phlebotomine sandflies of Portugal. XIII: Occurrence of Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot, 1917 in the Arrabida leishmaniasis focus. Parasite 12 : 69–72.
  20. Cabaniel G, Rada L, Blanco JJ, Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Escalera JP, 2005. Impacto de Los Eventos de El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) sobre la Leishmaniosis Cutánea en Sucre, Venezuela, a través del Uso de Información Satelital, 1994–2003.Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 22 : 32–38.
  21. Alexander B, Oliveria EB, Haigh E, Almeida LL, 2002. Transmission of Leishmania in coffee plantations of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97 : 627–630.
  22. Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Rada L, Cabaniel G, Benítez J, Blanco JJ, Escalera JP, 2005. Comparación del impacto de la variabilidad climática sobre la Leishmaniasis cutánea americana en dos estados de Venezuela: Sucre y Trujillo. Parasitología Latinoamericana 60 (Num Extraord)T°2: 222.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.273
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.273
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 04 Feb 2006
  • Accepted : 14 Apr 2006

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error