Volume 75, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


In response to an incursion of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) on Cape York Peninsula, Australia, in 2005, 23,144 mosquitoes were processed for virus detection. A single isolate of JEV was obtained from a pool of subgroup mosquitoes. This is the first reported mosquito isolate of JEV from the Australian mainland.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Solomon T, Vaughn DW, 2002. Pathogenesis and clinical features of Japanese encephalitis and West Nile virus infections. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267 : 171–194. [Google Scholar]
  2. Hanna JN, Ritchie SA, Phillips DA, Shield J, Bailey MC, Mackenzie JS, Poidinger M, McCall BJ, Mills PJ, 1996. An outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in the Torres Strait, Australia, 1995. Med J Aust 165 : 256–260. [Google Scholar]
  3. Hanna J, Barnett D, Ewald D, 1996. Vaccination against Japanese encephalitis in the Torres Strait. Comm Dis Intell 20 : 188–190. [Google Scholar]
  4. Shield J, Hanna J, Phillips D, 1996. Reappearance of the Japanese encephalitis virus in the Torres Strait, 1996. Comm Dis Intell 20 : 191. [Google Scholar]
  5. Mackenzie JS, Johansen CA, Ritchie SA, van den Hurk AF, Hall RA, 2002. The emergence and spread of Japanese encephalitis virus in Australasia. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 267 : 49–73. [Google Scholar]
  6. Hanna JN, Ritchie SA, Phillips DA, Lee JM, Hills SL, van den Hurk AF, Pyke AT, Johansen CA, Mackenzie JS, 1999. Japanese encephalitis in north Queensland, Australia, 1998. Med J Aust 170 : 533–536. [Google Scholar]
  7. Mackenzie JS, 1997. Japanese encephalitis: an emerging disease in the Australasian region, and its potential risk to Australia. Arbovirus Res Aust 7 : 166–170. [Google Scholar]
  8. Pyke AT, Smith IL, van den Hurk AF, Northill JA, Chuan TF, Westacott AJ, Smith GA, 2004. Detection of Australasian Flavivirus encephalitic viruses using rapid fluorogenic TaqMan RT-PCR assays. J Virol Methods 117 : 161–167. [Google Scholar]
  9. Biggerstaff BJ, 2003. PooledInfRate: A Microsoft Excel Add-In to Compute Prevalence Estimates From Pooled Samples. Fort Collins, CO: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  10. Pyke AT, Williams DT, Nisbet DJ, van den Hurk AF, Taylor CT, Johansen CA, Macdonald J, Hall RA, Simmons RJ, Mason RJV, Lee JM, Ritchie SA, Smith GA, Mackenzie JS, 2001. The appearance of a second genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus in the Australasian region. Am J Trop Med Hyg 65 : 747–753. [Google Scholar]
  11. Saitou N, Nei M, 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4 : 406–425. [Google Scholar]
  12. Scaramozzino N, Crance JM, Jouan A, DeBriel DA, Stoll F, Garin D, 2001. Comparison of flavivirus universal primer pairs and development of a rapid, highly sensitive heminested reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection of flaviviruses targeted to a conserved region of the NS5 gene sequences. J Clin Microbiol 39 : 1922–1927. [Google Scholar]
  13. van den Hurk AF, Johansen CA, Zborowski P, Phillips DA, Pyke AT, Mackenzie JS, Ritchie SA, 2001. Flaviviruses isolated from mosquitoes collected during the first outbreak of Japanese encephalitis virus on Cape York Peninsula, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 64 : 125–130. [Google Scholar]
  14. Johansen CA, Nisbet DJ, Zborowski P, van den Hurk AF, Ritchie SA, Mackenzie JS, 2003. Flavivirus isolations from mosquitoes collected from western Cape York Peninsula, Australia, 1999–2000. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 19 : 392–396. [Google Scholar]
  15. van den Hurk AF, Nisbet DJ, Foley PN, Ritchie SA, Mackenzie JS, Beebe NW, 2002. Isolation of arboviruses from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) collected from the Gulf Plains region of northwest Queensland, Australia. J Med Entomol 39 : 786– 792. [Google Scholar]
  16. Ritchie SA, Rochester W, 2001. Wind-blown mosquitoes and introduction of Japanese encephalitis into Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 7 : 900–903. [Google Scholar]
  17. Chapman HF, Hughes JM, Ritchie SA, Kay BH, 2003. Population structure and dispersal of the freshwater mosquitoes Culex annulirostris and Culex palpalis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. J Med Entomol 40 : 165–169. [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 30 Jan 2006
  • Accepted : 13 Mar 2006

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error