Volume 75, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Three of thirteen , Emmons and Patton 2005 (Rodentia: Muridae: Sigmodontinae) and 3 of 17 , Thomas 1884, collected from Noël Kempff National Park, Bolivia, from 2002 to 2005, tested positive for or () and negative for () spp. using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Based on previous records of () in humans, rodents, and sand flies from Bolivia, and the geographic distributions of () and () , it was concluded that the were infected with () . These results identify two additional species of as hosts of , and identify an ecological region of Bolivia where is enzootic.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Davies CR, Reithinger R, Campbell-Lendrum D, Feliciangeli D, Borges R, Rodriguez N, 2000. The epidemiology and control of leishmaniasis in Andean countries. Cad Saude Publica 16 : 925–950. [Google Scholar]
  2. World Health Organization, 1990. Control of the leishmaniases. Technical Report Series 793. Geneva, Switzerland, 140 p.
  3. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Silveira FT, deSouza AAA, Braga RR, Ishikawa EAY, 1994. The dermal leishmaniases of Brazil, with special reference to the eco-epidemiology of the disease in Amazonia. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 89 : 435–443. [Google Scholar]
  4. Martinez E, Le Pont F, Torrez M, Tellería J, Vargas F, Muñoz M, DeDoncker S, Dujardin JC, Dujardin JP, 1998. A new focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania amazonensis in a Sub Andean region of Bolivia. Acta Trop 71 : 97–106. [Google Scholar]
  5. Uliana SRB, Ishikawa E, Stemliuk VA, de Souza A, Shaw JJ, Floeter-Winter LM, 2000. Geographical distribution of neo-tropical Leishmania of the subgenus Leishmania analysed by ribosomal oligonucleotide probes. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94 : 261–264. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bermudez H, Torrico F, Rojas E, Balderrama F, Le Ray D, Guerra H, Arevelo J, 1993. Leishmaniasis in the lowlands of Bolivia, prevalence of the disease in two groups of localities with different settlement ages in Carrasco Tropical, Cochabamba. Archs Inst Pasteur Tunis 70 : 443–453. [Google Scholar]
  7. Wilson DE, Reeder DM, eds., 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.
  8. Telleria J, Bosseno MF, Tarifa T, Buitrago R, Martinez E, Torrez M, Le Pont F, Breniere SF, 1999. Putative reservoirs of Leishmania amazonensis in a Sub-andean focus of Bolivia identified by kDNA-Polymerase Chain Reaction. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94 : 5–6. [Google Scholar]
  9. Martinez E, LePont F, Torrez M, Telleria J, Vargas F, Dujardin JC, Dujardin JP, 1999. Lutzomyia nuneztovari anglesi (LesPont & Desjeuz, 1984) as a vector of Leishmania amazonensis in a sub-Andean leishmaniasis focus of Bolivia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61 : 846–849. [Google Scholar]
  10. Kerr SF, 2000. Palaearctic origin of Leishmania. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 95 : 75–80. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kerr SF, MacKinnon C, Merkelz R, 2000. Further support for a Palaearctic origin of Leishmania. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 95 : 579–581. [Google Scholar]
  12. Killeen T, Killeen ST, eds., 1998. A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noël Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 10. Conservation International, Washington DC.
  13. Rogers MR, Popper SJ, Wirth DF, 1990. Amplification of kinetoplast DNA as a tool in the detection and diagnosis of Leishmania. Exp Parasitol 71 : 267–275. [Google Scholar]
  14. Sacks D, Melby P, 1998. Animal models for the analysis of immune responses to leishmaniasis. Strober W, ed. Current Protocols in Immunology. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 19.2.1–19.2.20.
  15. Altschul SF, Gish W, Miller W, Myers EW, Lipman DJ, 1990. Basic local alignment search tool. J Mol Biol 215 : 403–410. [Google Scholar]
  16. Emmons LH, Patton JL, 2005. A new species of Oryzomys (Rodentia: Muridae) from eastern Bolivia. Am Mus Nov 3878 : 1–26. [Google Scholar]
  17. Nery-Guimares FN, Azevedo M, Damasceno R, 1968. Oryzomys goeldi, a wild rat from amazonia, as reservoir of Leishmania braziliensis. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 66 : 151–168. [Google Scholar]
  18. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, 1968. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: I. observations on enzootic rodent leishmaniasis-incrimination of Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (Mangabeira) as the vector in the lower Amazon Basin. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 62 : 385–395. [Google Scholar]
  19. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, 1970. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: V. Studies on the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso State, and observations on two distinct strains of Leishmania isolated from man and forest animals. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 64 : 654–667. [Google Scholar]
  20. Tikasingh ES, 1974. Enzootic rodent leishmaniasis in Trinidad, West Indies. PAHO Bulletin VIII : 232–242. [Google Scholar]
  21. Herrer A, Christensen HA, Beumer RJ, 1973. Reservoir hosts of cutaneous leishmaniasis among Panamanian Forest Mammals. Am J Trop Med Hyg 22 : 585–591. [Google Scholar]
  22. Chable-Santos JB, Van Wynsberghe NR, Canto-Lara SB, Andrade-Narvaez FJ, 1995. Isolation of Leishmania (L.) mexicana from wild rodents and their possible role in the transmission of localized cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Campeche, Mexico. Am J Trop Med Hyg 53 : 141–145. [Google Scholar]
  23. Young DG, Perkins PV, 1984. Phlebotomine sand flies of North America (Diptera: Psychodidae). Mosq News 44 : 263–304. [Google Scholar]
  24. Eisenberg JF, 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. Volume I. Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 449 pp.

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 10 Nov 2005
  • Accepted : 27 Jul 2006

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error