Volume 75, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Since the first HIV case was diagnosed in the Czech Republic in 1985, there is a lack of information regarding the epidemiology of HIV infection in most high-risk groups. To determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, HIV among female and male commercial sex workers (FCSW and MCSW, respectively) and injecting drug users (IDUs), cross-sectional studies were conducted in the cities of Cheb, Usti nad Labem, Ostrava, and Prague of the Czech Republic. A total of 1,277 subjects were enrolled, which included 585 FCSWs, 230 MCSWs, and 462 IDUs. The HIV prevalences were 0.7% (95% CI: 0.2–1.7%), 0.9% (95% CI: 0.1–3.1%), and 0.2% (95% CI: 0.005–1.2%) among FCSWs, MCSWs, and IDUs, respectively. Although low HIV prevalences were found, ongoing sentinel surveillance studies, which address modifiable behavioral and biologic risk factors among high-risk groups, are necessary to guide strategies to stem the tide of the epidemic in this country.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Bruckova M, Jedlicka J, 1995. HIV/AIDS in the Czech Republic. J Community Health 20 : 183–184.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. World Health Organization, UNAIDS, 2004. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, 4th Global Report, Table of Country-Specific HIV/AIDS Estimates and Data. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization.
  3. United Nations Development Programme, 2004. HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States: Reversing the Epidemic, Facts and Policy Options. Bratislava, The Czech Republic: Remejans, Available at: http://rbec.undp.org/hiv/?english. Accessed August 21, 2006.
  4. Resl V, Kumpova M, Cerna L, Novak M, Pazdiora P, 2003. Prevalence of STDs among prostitutes in Czech border areas with Germany in 1997–2001 assessed in project “Jana”. Sex Transm Infect 79 : E3.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Malinova H, 1995. The recent rise in prostitution in the Czech Republic. J Community Health 20 : 213–218.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 2002. Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. Technical Update. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS.
  7. Mördh PA, Genc M, 1995. Migratory prostitution with emphasis on Europe. J Travel Med 2 : 28–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruckova M, Jedlicka J, Maly M, 1998. Changing patterns of HIV/AIDS spread in the Czech Republic. Presented at the 12th World AIDS Conference (Abstract 13354), Geneva, Switzerland, June 28–July 3.
  9. Mikl J, Sudar Z, Smith PF, Bruckova M, Jedlicka J, Kastankova V, Tryzna R, DeHovitz J, 1998. HIV infection and high risk behavior among patients attending an STD referral clinic in Prague, Czech Republic. Sex Transm Infect 74 : 128–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Methods for Second Generation HIV Surveillance Implementation for Countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Baltic States, Report on a WHO workshop, Berlin, Germany, May 27–29, 2002.
  11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Consultation on recent trends in STD and HIV morbidity and risk behaviors among MSM, Atlanta, GA, October 30–31, 2000.
  12. Seblova J, Polanecky V, Sejda J, Studnickova B, 2005. Trends in substance abuse by teenagers in the Czech Republic. J Emerg Med 28 : 95–100.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hamers FF, Downs AM, 2003. HIV in central and eastern Europe. Lancet 361 : 1035–1044.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. UNAIDS, 2005. AIDS Epidemic Update, December 2005. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS.

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 05 Apr 2006
  • Accepted : 12 Jul 2006

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error