Volume 74, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Pigmented leukocytes are reported to be associated with severe malaria (SM). Blood smears from a case-control study of SM conducted in Apac Hospital in Northern Uganda were examined for pigmented leukocytes to investigate their association with measures of disease and clinical immunity in children less than 5 years old. Pigmented leukocytes, predominated by monocytes, were significantly greater in number in SM by comparison with uncomplicated malaria (UM). SM children with no pigmented leukocytes had significantly elevated hemoglobin, packed cell volumes, and titers of IgG anti-SERA5 by comparison with SM children with pigmented leukocytes. These differences were not observed in UM. A Spearman rank correlation analysis showed, in addition, a negative but weak correlation between pigmented monocytes and titers of IgG anti- lysate and IgG anti-EBA-175 in both SM and UM children. Thus, numbers of pigmented monocytes might be negative correlates of clinical immunity in a region of holoendemic malaria.


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  • Received : 19 May 2005
  • Accepted : 07 Dec 2005

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