Volume 74, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The prevalences of spp. and spp. were investigated using molecular methods in 77 rodent fleas collected in November 2002 by the French forces detachment in Kabul, Afghanistan. Overall, DNA was detected in 15.5% of gerbil fleas and 40.5% of rat fleas, whereas was found in 9% of gerbil fleas. We described for the first time in this country , , , and in fleas from the gerbil species , and and in rat fleas. Of these, , , , and are recognized human pathogens. These results emphasize the potential risk of flea-borne infections transmitted by rodents in this area, and suggest that preventive measures should be taken in the general framework of zoonoses management.


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  • Received : 26 Sep 2004
  • Accepted : 14 Mar 2005

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