Volume 74, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is caused by various strains of , and with different geographical distribution. The aim of this study was to identify the strains of that can cause VL in southern Iran. DNA of were extracted from the slides of bone marrow aspirates (#42) and spleen punctures (#22), which were positive for leishman body from the patients who were referred to the hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Differences in strains were determined by size difference of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification as visualized on agarose gel. PCR results and smears had 100% correlation. The dominant strain of was (63 out of the 64 cases), but one case of was also detected. VL mostly involves children below 2 years of age in Iran, therefore infection with was expected, but this study is the first report of VL that is caused by in Iran.


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  • Received : 08 Sep 2004
  • Accepted : 22 Mar 2005

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