Volume 74, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever re-emerged in Bangladesh in 2000 and 2001 and nearly all viruses isolated were dengue type 3. Phylogenetic analyses of the envelope genes of examples of these viruses indicated that they were most closely related to recently emerged dengue type 3 viruses from neighboring Thailand and Myanmar but distinct from those from India and Sri Lanka. Since this strain of dengue virus type 3 had not been associated with unusual patterns of disease in Thailand or Myanmar, it suggested that the outbreak in Bangladesh was due to local factors after the introduction of viruses from countries to the east rather than to the evolution of an unusually virulent strain of virus in Bangladesh.


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  • Received : 18 Apr 2005
  • Accepted : 09 Sep 2005

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