1921
Volume 74, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

We determined the baseline frequency distribution of mutant alleles of genes associated with resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in isolates in Bangui, Central African Republic. Mutant alleles of the chloroquine resistance transporter () gene were found in all samples and the frequency of the deduced CIET haplotype was high (45%). The most common allele of the multidrug resistance 1 () gene among the field isolates of was 86Y (21.9%). The 1246Y allele was also common (18.0%). Of the 167 isolates in which the dihydrofolate reductase gene was studied, only 11 carried the wild-type allele (6.6%) whereas many (50.3%) were quadruple mutants (50R, 51I, 59R, 108N). The frequency of the 436A mutant allele of the dihydropteroate synthase gene was high (74.3%), but the frequencies of the 437G (18.6%) and 540E (5.2%) mutant alleles were low. Molecular analyses of antimalarial drug-resistant alleles of isolates in Bangui strongly suggest the widespread distribution of chloroquine and pyrimethamine resistance and to a lesser extent sulfadoxine resistance.

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2017-11-22
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  • Received : 21 May 2005
  • Accepted : 22 Sep 2005

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