Volume 73, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The efficacy of nets treated with lambda-cyhalothrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, on malaria infection and disease was assessed for the first time at the community level in pyrethroid resistance areas. The study was carried out in northern Côte d’Ivoire, which is an area of resistance. Four pairs of villages were selected and matched according to demographic, sociological, and ecological criteria. Among each pair, a village was randomly allocated to receive mosquito nets. More than 80% of beds were covered with nets treated with lambda-cyhalothrin and retreated after 6 months. In each village, 54 children aged 0–59 months were randomly selected and clinically monitored for 8 periods of 7 days throughout the year. Results showed that the efficacy of treated nets was maintained with a reduction of the prevalence of asymptomatic malaria infection by 12% and an estimated protective efficacy against malaria disease of 56%.


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  • Received : 14 Feb 2005
  • Accepted : 09 Jun 2005

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