Volume 73, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Understanding the total lymphocyte count (TLC)-CD4 count relationship could aide design predictive instruments for making clinical decisions during antiretroviral therapy, especially in underserved resource-poor settings. We performed multiple regression analyses to assess the prediction of CD4 count using TLC on 771 participants with 4,836 visits. In linear and logistic regression TLC, hemoglobin, gender, history of AIDS, and weight predicted CD4 count and CD4 < 200, respectively, before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) use. On HAART, the adjusted odds ratios (OR) for TLC < 1500 (optimal TLC cutoff) were 5.1 (95%CI 4.0, 6.5; < 0.001), and off HAART, 4.6 (95%CI 3.4, 6.2: < 0.001) with high predictive power. TLC predicts CD4 count and CD4 < 200 cells/μL well during HAART. Including the additional factors improves performance. TLC is simple and inexpensive and can be used in many ways to develop clinical decision-making tools in underserved resource-poor settings during HAART therapy.


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  • Received : 06 Jul 2004
  • Accepted : 23 Dec 2004

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