Volume 73, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis and its clinical and laboratory pattern in Venezuelan HIV-infected patients ( = 397). At enrollment, they underwent thorough clinical history and physical examination and provided stool specimens for the identification of sp. and other parasites. sp. was identified in 59 subjects (15%). This infection was strongly associated with acute and chronic diarrhea, weight loss, CD4 counts below 100 cells/mm, older age in patients with leukopenia, and more than 5 stools per day when CD4 counts were below 100 cells/mm. In addition, patients with infection were less likely to be coinfected with (OR = 0.05, = 0.001). In fact, results of the current study confirm the worldwide importance of cryptosporidiosis as a clinically significant opportunistic infection associated with an advanced stage of immunosuppression.


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  • Received : 24 Apr 2004
  • Accepted : 19 Jan 2005

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