1921
Volume 73, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Malaria and relapsing fever are arthropod-borne infections characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and a tendency to relapse. Both are diagnosed through examination of stained blood films, and both might respond to tetracycline therapy. In at least four published case reports, the presence of malarial microgametes possibly resulted in misdiagnosis of borreliosis in patients with malaria. An additional case is presented, and the mechanism of microgamete production in clinical specimens is discussed.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.73.207
2005-07-01
2017-09-26
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References

  1. Poulsen LW, Iversen G, 1996. Relapsing fever: a differential diagnosis to malaria. Scand J Infect Dis 28 : 419–420.
  2. Colebunders R, de Serrano P, van Gompel A, Wynants H, Blot K, van den Enden E, van den Ende J, 1993. Imported relapsing fever in European tourists. Scand J Infect Dis 25 : 533–536.
  3. Dworkin MS, Anderson DE Jr, Thompson E, Gautom RK, Fritsche TR, 1997. Relapse of Plasmodium vivax malaria with the presence of microgametes. Clin Infect Dis 303 : 447–448.
  4. Miron D, Olshinsky A, Assy N, Zuker M, Efrat M, Hussein O, 2004. Plasmodium and Borrelia co-infection. J Travel Med 11 : 115–116.
  5. Flatau E, Reichman N, Elias M, Raz R, 2000. Malaria and Borrelia co-infection. J Travel Med 7 : 98–99.
  6. Sergente E, 1957. Coexistence of relapsing fever and paludism in the same patient. Z Tropenmed Parasitol 8 : 242–245.
  7. Nijhout MM, Carter R, 1978. Gamete development in malaria parasites: bicarbonate-dependent stimulation by pH in vitro. Parasitology 76 : 39–53.
  8. Kolbitsch C, Balogh D, Hauffe H, Lockinger A, Benzer A, 1999. National publication output in medical research. Anesthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 34 : 214–217.
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  • Received : 20 Oct 2004
  • Accepted : 22 Dec 2004

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