Volume 73, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The distributions of anopheline larval habitats were aggregated in valley bottoms in Kenya in both the rainy and dry seasons, although the degree of aggregation was higher in the dry season than in the rainy season. Larvae of the complex larvae were found more frequently in habitats in farmlands and pastures. However, larvae were found more frequently in natural swamps and pastures. Canopy cover was the only variable significantly associated with the occurrence of the complex and . The average canopy cover was significantly less in the habitats with the complex and larvae than those without the anopheline larvae. Thus, land cover types and topographic features showed important effects on the distribution of anopheline larval habitats. These results suggest that clearing riparian forests would improve growing conditions of the complex and larvae in Kenyan highlands.


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  • Received : 24 Jul 2004
  • Accepted : 05 Jan 2005

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