Volume 73, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A Japanese traveler returning from Kenya became ill, presenting with fever and a prominent, generalized rash without an eschar. Results of the immunofluorescence antibody assay of the patient’s sera performed in Japan were compatible with illness due to a spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsia, and a presumptive diagnosis of African SFG rickettsiosis, probably either Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) or African tick-bite fever (ATBF), was rendered. To further define the disease diagnosis, sera were examined in France by Western immunoblotting combined with cross-adsorption, which confirmed the diagnosis of MSF but not of ATBF. Because of the need to further characterize the epidemiologic and clinical features of the two African SFG rickettsioses, clinicians are encouraged to contact a specialized laboratory when encountering such cases.


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  • Received : 20 Apr 2005
  • Accepted : 25 Jul 2005

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