Volume 72, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Trench fever, a louse-borne disease caused by is reemerging in homeless persons. Epidemic typhus is another life-threatening louse-borne disease caused by and known to occur in conditions of war, famine, refugee camps, cold weather, poverty, or lapses in public health. We report the first case of seroconversion to in a homeless person of Marseilles, France. This was associated with bacteremia. Although no outbreaks of typhus have been notified yet in the homeless population, this disease is likely to reemerge in such situation.


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  • Received : 14 Apr 2004
  • Accepted : 21 Jul 2004

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