1921
Volume 71, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

We studied the seroprevalence of antibodies against in the human population along with domiciliary infestation by triatomine bugs in an area endemic for Chagas disease in the Chaco Province of Argentina. In addition, we carried out parasitologic surveys in patients, dogs, wild mammals, and vectors. The mean seroprevalence in humans was 27.81% (109 of 392) and 24.14% (63 of 261) in 1–15-year-old children. The minimum domiciliary infestation rate was 13.33%, with certain areas reaching 53.85%. The prevalence was 15.09% (16 of 106) in dogs and 35.71% (10 of 28) in opossums. Infection with was detected in 30.10% (59 of 196) of the tested. Compared with nationwide studies, our data suggest that 1) there are zones requiring immediate sanitary action, and 2) nationwide estimates are based on very heterogeneous epidemiologic situations. This heterogeneity emphasizes the importance of in-depth studies of restricted areas to provide additional information for a better understanding of the present status of Chagas disease in Argentina.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.590
2004-11-01
2017-09-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/71/5/0700590.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.590&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Lazdins J, 2001. The southern cone initiative. TDR News World Health Organ 65 : 11.
  2. Segura EL, Sosa Estani S, Esquivel ML, Salomón O, 1999. Control de la transmisión de Trypanosoma cruzi en la Argentina. Medicina (B Aires) 59 (Suppl II): 91–96.
  3. Esquivel ML, Segura EL, 1994. Estimación del número de infectados chagásicos en la Argentina. Medicina (B Aires) 54 : 91–92.
  4. Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud. Iniciativa de Salud del Cono Sur (INCOSUR), 2003. XIIth Reunión de la Comisión Intergubernamental del Cono Sur para la Eliminación de Triatoma infestans y la Interrupción de la Transmisión Transfusional de la Tripanosomiasis Americana (INCOSUR/Chagas). Santiago, Chile: Programa de Enfermedades Transmisibles, División de Prevención y Control de Enfermedades. Marzo 26–28.
  5. Segura EL, Cura EN, Estani SA, Andrade J, Lansetti JC, de Rissio AM, Campanini A, Blanco SB, Gurtler RE, Alvarez M, 2000. Long-term effects of a nationwide control program on the seropositivity for Trypanosoma cruzi infection in young men from Argentina. Am J Trop Med Hyg 62 : 353–362.
  6. Biancardi MA, Moreno MC, Torres N, Pepe C, Altcheh J, Freilij H, 2003. Seroprevalencia de la enfermedad de Chagas en 17 parajes del “monte impenetrable” de la provincia del Chaco. Medicina (B Aires) 63 : 125–129.
  7. Gürtler RE, Lauricella M, Solarz ND, Bujas MA, Wisnivesky-Colli C, 1986. Dynamics of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in a rural area of Argentina. I. The dog reservoir: an epidemiological profile. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 28 : 28–35.
  8. Gürtler RE, Solarz ND, Lauricella M, Haedo AS, Pietrokovsky SM, Alberti A, Wisnivesky-Colli C, 1986. Dynamics of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in a rural area of Argentina. III. Persistence of T. cruzi parasitemia among canine reservoirs in a two-year follow-up. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 28 : 213–219.
  9. Gürtler RE, Wisnivesky-Colli C, Solarz ND, Lauricella M, Bujas MA, 1987. Dynamics of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in a rural area of Argentina. II. Hosehold infection patterns among children and dogs in relation to infected Triatoma infestans density. Bull Pan Am Health Organ 21 : 280–292.
  10. Gürtler RE, Kravetz FO, Petersen RM, 1990. The prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection and the demography of dog populations after insecticidal spraying of houses: a predictive model. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 84 : 313–323.
  11. Gürtler RE, Cécere MC, Rubel DN, Petersen RM, Schweigmann NJ, Lauricella MA, Bujas MA, Segura EL, Wisnivesky-Colli C, 1991. Chagas disease in north-west Argentina: infected dogs as a risk factor for the domestic transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 85 : 741–745.
  12. Gürtler RE, Petersen RM, Lauricella MA, Wisnivesky-Colli C, 1992. Infectivity to the vector Triatoma infestans of dogs infected with Trypanosoma cruzi in north-west Argentina. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 86 : 111–119.
  13. Gürtler RE, Cécere MC, Castanera MB, Canale D, Lauricella MA, Chuit R, Cohen JE, Segura EL, 1996. Probability of infection with Trypanosoma cruzi of the vector Triatoma infestans fed on infected humans and dogs in northwest Argentina. Am J Trop Med Hyg 55 : 24–31.
  14. Gürtler RE, Cohen JE, Cécere MC, Lauricella MA, Chuit R, Segura EL, 1998. Influence of humans and domestic animals on the household prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi in Triatoma infestans populations in northwest Argentina. Am J Trop Med Hyg 58 : 748–758.
  15. Cohen JE, Gürtler RE, 2001. Modeling household transmission of American trypanosomiasis. Science 293 : 694–698.
  16. Wisnivesky-Colli C, Schweigmann NJ, Alberti A, Pietrokovsky SM, Conti O, Montoya S, Riarte A, Rivas C, 1992. Sylvatic American trypanosiomiasis in Argentina. Trypanosoma cruzi infection in mammals from the Chaco forest in Santiago del Estero. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 86 : 38–41.
  17. Diosque P, Barnabe C, Padilla AM, Marco JD, Cardozo RM, Cimino RO, Nasser JR, Tibayrenc M, Basombrio MA, 2003. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis analysis of Trypanosoma cruzi isolates from a geographically restricted endemic area for Chagas’ disease in Argentina. Int J Parasitol 33 : 997–1003.
  18. Cabrera AL, Willink A, 1973. Biogeografía de América Latina. Washington, DC: Organización de los Estados Americanos, Serie Biología, Monografía 13.
  19. Basombrio MA, Segura MA, Mora MC, Gomez L, 1993. Field trial of vaccination against American trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease) in dogs. Am J Trop Med Hyg 49 : 143–151.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.590
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.590
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 11 Mar 2004
  • Accepted : 16 Jun 2004

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error