1921
Volume 71, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

The taxonomic history, distribution, bionomics, systematics, and vector control strategies for the complex are reviewed in relation to malaria epidemiology. The lack of data on the bionomics, insecticide resistance, and vector capacity, as well as the general lack of surveillance and monitoring of potential vector populations, make the development of targeted control measures problematic. It will be necessary to elucidate, characterize and identify all members of the complex to determine their distributions, disease relationships, ecologic relationships, and resistance to insecticides. This knowledge is essential for epidemiologic studies, the design and implementation of appropriate vector control measures, and the development of strategies for monitoring and assessing the potential risk of malaria outbreaks due to members of the complex.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.518
2004-10-01
2019-05-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/71/4/0700518.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.518&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Declan B, 1997. Time to put malaria on the global agenda. Nature 386 : 535–541. [Google Scholar]
  2. Green CA, Gass RF, Munstermann LE, Baimai V, 1990. Population-genetic evidence for two species in Anopheles minimus in Thailand. Med Vet Entomol 4 : 25–34. [Google Scholar]
  3. Della Torre A, Costantini C, Besansky NJ, Caccone A, Petrarca V, Powell JR, Coluzzi M, 2002. Speciation within Anopheles gambiae - the glass is half full. Science 298 : 115–117. [Google Scholar]
  4. van Bortel W, Trung HD, Manh ND, Roelants P, Verle P, Coosemans M, 1999. Identification of two species within the Anopheles minimus complex in northern Vietnam and their behavioural divergences. Trop Med Int Health 4 : 257–265. [Google Scholar]
  5. Bang YH, 1985. Implication in the Control of malaria vectors with insecticides in tropical countries of South-East Asia Region. Part II - Consequences of insecticide use. J Commun Dis 17 : 300–310. [Google Scholar]
  6. Barcus MJ, Laihad F, Sururi M, Sismadi P, Marwoto H, Bangs MJ, Baird JK, 2002. Epidemic malaria in the Menoreh Hills of Central Java. Am J Trop Med Hyg 66 : 287–292. [Google Scholar]
  7. Brandling-Bennett AD, Doberstyn EB, Pinichpongse S, 1981. Current epidemiology of malaria in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 12 : 289–297. [Google Scholar]
  8. Chooi CK, 1985. Status of malaria vectors in Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 16 : 133–138. [Google Scholar]
  9. Das SC, Nath DR, Bhuyan M, Das NG, Baruah I, Talukdar PK, 1989. Studies on malaria and filariasis vectors in Kamorta and Great Nicobar Islands. Indian J Malariol 26 : 153–157. [Google Scholar]
  10. Hair JD, 1973. Day-time indoor resting anophelines of the delta region of Vietnam. Mosq News 33 : 195–198. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kalra NL, 1978. National Malaria Eradication Programme, India - its problems, management and research needs. J Commun Dis 10 : 1–20. [Google Scholar]
  12. Kalra NL, 1980. Emergence of malaria zoonosis of simian origin as natural phenomenon in Greater Nicobars, Andaman and Nicobar Islands - a preliminary note. J Commun Dis 12 : 49–54. [Google Scholar]
  13. Meek SR, 1995. Vector control in some countries of Southeast Asia: comparing the vectors and the strategies. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 89 : 135–147. [Google Scholar]
  14. Nguyen Tang Am, Le Quy R, Vu Thi H, Nguyen Bieh L, 1993. Entomoepidemiological studies of malaria in the coastal zone of Ho Chi Minh City 1990–1992. Santé 3 : 464–473. [Google Scholar]
  15. Soeparmo HT, Lair RL, 1954. Anopheles sundaicus and its Control by DDT Residual House Spraying in Indonesia. Geneva: World Health Organization. Malaria Conference for the Western Pacific and South East Asia Regions. WHO/Mal 118.
  16. Chow CY, 1970. Bionomics of malaria vectors in the western Pacific region. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1 : 40–57. [Google Scholar]
  17. Chowanadisai L, Krairiksh S, Thanasripukdikul S, 1989. Microbial control of Anopheles sundaicus, a malaria vector in Thailand, by Bacillus sphaericus 2362. Mosq Borne Dis Bull 6 : 39–44. [Google Scholar]
  18. Harinasuta C, Guptavanij P, Vasuvat C, 1974. Studies on the medical ecological epidemiology in mangrove areas in Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 5 : 105–127. [Google Scholar]
  19. Klein JM, 1977. The mosquito fauna of Cambodia. I. Anophelinae (Diptera, Culicidae). Cah ORSTOM Ser Entomol Med Parasitol 15 : 107–122. [Google Scholar]
  20. Tin O, Pe Thet H, Khin Thet W, Parks W, Bryan J, 2001. Gender, mosquitoes and malaria: implications for community development programs in Laputta, Myanmar. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 32 : 588–594. [Google Scholar]
  21. Ikemoto T, 1996. Ecological diversities of Anopheles sundaicus as a vector mosquito of malaria. Med Entomol Zool 47 : 1–13. [Google Scholar]
  22. Chang MS, Linton YM, Harbach RE, 2001. The Anopheles sundaicus species complex - a preliminary study of larval ecology from two sites in Sarawak, Malaysia. Mekong Malaria Forum 8 : 91–95. [Google Scholar]
  23. Rao TR, 1984. The Anophelines of India. Delhi: Malaria Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research.
  24. Sukowati S, Baimai V, Andris H, 1996. Sex chromosome variation in natural populations of the Anopheles sundaicus complex from Thailand and Indonesia. Mosq Borne Dis Bull 13 : 8–13. [Google Scholar]
  25. Sukowati S, Baimai V, Harun S, Dasuki Y, Andris H, Efriwati M, 1999. Isozyme evidence for three sibling species in the Anopheles sundaicus complex from Indonesia. Med Vet Entomol 13 : 408–414. [Google Scholar]
  26. Linton YM, Harbach RE, Chang MS, Anthony TG, Matusop A, 2001. Morphological and molecular identity of Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus (Diptera: Culicidae), the nominotypical member of a malaria vector species complex in Southeast Asia. Syst Entomol 26 : 357–366. [Google Scholar]
  27. Reid JA, 1968. Anopheline mosquitoes of Malaya and Borneo. Studies from the Institute of Medical Research Malaysia 31. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Government of Malaysia.
  28. Collins RT, Jung RK, Anoez H, Sutrisno RH, Putut D, 1979. A Study of the Coastal Malaria Vectors, Anopheles sundaicus (Rodenwaldt) and Anopheles subpictus Grassi, in South Sulawesi, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Geneva: World Health Organization. WHO/Mal 79.
  29. Coosemans M, Cong D, Socheat D, Inthakone S, Baimai V, Manguin S, Harbach RE, 1998. Identification and Characterization of Malaria Vectors in Southeast Asia: A Prerequisite for Appropriate Vector Control. Antwerp, Belgium: Institute of Tropical Medicine. INCO-DEC report, ERBIC18.CT.970211.
  30. Phan VT, 1998. Epidémiologie du Paludisme et Lutte Anti-paludique au Vietnam. Hanoi: Edition Médicales Vietnam.
  31. Nagpal BN, Kalra NL, 1997. Malaria vectors of India. J Parasitic Dis 21 : 105–112. [Google Scholar]
  32. Christophers SR, 1933. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Volume IV. Diptera. Family Culicidae. Tribe Anophelini. London: Taylor & Francis.
  33. Nasiruddin M, 1952. A note on the natural infectivity of mosquitoes in East Pakistan. Pakistan J Health 2 : 113–115. [Google Scholar]
  34. Puri IM, 1936. The distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in India: Additional records, 1931–1935. Rec Malaria Surv India 6 : 177–211. [Google Scholar]
  35. Puri IM, 1948. The distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma: Part V: additional records, 1936–1947. Indian J Malariol 6 : 177–211. [Google Scholar]
  36. Singh N, Nagpal BN, Sharma VP, 1985. Mosquitoes of Kutch, Gujarat. Indian J Malariol 22 : 17–20. [Google Scholar]
  37. Dash AP, Behura BK, Roy JR, 1984. On the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in Orissa, India. J Zool Soc India 36 : 1–14. [Google Scholar]
  38. Rajogopal R, 1976. Studies on persistent transmission of malaria in Burnihat, Meghalaya. J Commun Dis 8 : 235–245. [Google Scholar]
  39. Dash AP, Hazra RK, Mahapatra N, Tripathy HK, 2000. Disappearance of malaria vector Anopheles sundaicus from Chilika Lake area of Orissa State in India. Med Vet Entomol 14 : 445–449. [Google Scholar]
  40. Sandosham AA, Thomas V, 1983. Malariology: With Special Reference to Malaya. Singapore. Singapore University Press.
  41. Abu Hassan A, Rahman WA, Che Salmah MR, Rashid MZA, Jaal Z, Adanan CR, Shahrem MR, 1997. The distribution of common Anopheles mosquitoes in northwestern Peninsular Malaysia. J Vect Ecol 22 : 109–114. [Google Scholar]
  42. Ikemoto T, Sumitro , Panjaitan W, Shibuya T, 1986. Laboratory and small-scale field tests of larvicides and larvivorous fishes against Anopheles sundaicus larvae at Perupuk Village, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Jpn J Sanit Zool 37 : 105–112. [Google Scholar]
  43. Scanlon JE, Reid JA, Cheong WH, 1968. Ecology of Anopheles vectors of malaria in the oriental region. Cah ORSTOM Ser Entomol Med Parasitol VI : 237–246. [Google Scholar]
  44. Soerono M, Davidson G, Muir DA, 1965. The Development and trend of insecticide-resistance in Anopheles aconitus Dönitz and Anopheles sundaicus Rodenwalt. Bull World Health Organ 32 : 161–168. [Google Scholar]
  45. van der Brug PH, 1997. Malaria in Batavia in the 18th century. Trop Med Int Health 2 : 892–902. [Google Scholar]
  46. Das MK, Nagpal BN, Sharma VP, 1998. Mosquito fauna and breeding habitats of anophelines in Car Nicobar Island, India. Indian J Malariol 35 : 197–205. [Google Scholar]
  47. Kirnowardoya S, Yoga GP, 1987. Entomological investigations of an outbreak of malaria in Chilacap on south coast of central Java, Indonesia during 1985. J Commun Dis 19 : 121–127. [Google Scholar]
  48. Miyagi I, Toma T, Mogi M, Martono, Yotopranoto S, Arifin Z, Dachlan Y, 1994. Mosquitoes species (Diptera: Culicidae) from Lombok Island, Indonesia. Mosq Syst 26 : 19–24. [Google Scholar]
  49. Webster J, 2000. Malaria Consortium - Cambodia: Roll Back Malaria Complex Emergencies Technical Support Network. Liver-pool, United Kingdom: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.
  50. Senior-White R, Adhikari AK, 1939. On malaria transmission around the Chilika lake. J Mal Inst India 2 : 395–423. [Google Scholar]
  51. Reid JA, 1966. A note on Anopheles subpictus Grassi and A. indefinitus Ludlow (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol 3 : 327–331. [Google Scholar]
  52. Kikuchi T, Takagi M, Tokuhisa E, Suzuki T, Panjaitan W, Yasuno M, 1997. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as an indicator to show the absence of Anopheles sundaicus larvae. Med Entomol Zool 48 : 11–18. [Google Scholar]
  53. Imai C, Ikemoto T, Takagi M, Yamugi H, Pohan W, Hasibuan H, Sirait H, Panjaitan W, 1988. Ecological study of Anopheles sundaicus larvae in a coastal village of North Sumatra, Indonesia. I. Topography, land use, and larval breeding. Jpn J Sanit Zool 39 : 293–300. [Google Scholar]
  54. Schaefer CH, Kirnowardoyo S, 1983. An operational evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis serotype H-14 against Anopheles sundaicus in West Java, Indonesia. Mosq News 43 : 325–328. [Google Scholar]
  55. Iyenger MOT, 1945. Naturalistic methods of control of breeding of Anopheles sundaicus by means of Eichhornia. J Mal Inst 6 : 309–310. [Google Scholar]
  56. Sundaraman S, Soeroto RM, Siran M, 1957. Vectors of malaria in mid-Java. Indian J Malariol 11 : 321–338. [Google Scholar]
  57. Nanda N, Das MK, Wattal S, Adak T, Subbarao SK, 2004. Cytogenetic characterization of Anopheles sundaicus (Diptera: Culicidae) population from Car Nicobar Island, India. Ann Entomol Soc Am 97 : 171–176. [Google Scholar]
  58. Dusfour I, Linton YM, Cohuet A, Harbach RE, Baimai V, Trung HD, Chang MS, Matusop A, Manguin S, 2004. Molecular evidence of speciation between island and continental populations of Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus (Diptera: Culicidae), a principal malaria vector raxon in Southeast Asia. J Med Entomol 41 : 287–295. [Google Scholar]
  59. Gould DJ, Scanlon JE, Major MSC, Ward RA, 1966. Anopheles Vectors of Malaria in Southeast Asia. Washington, DC: Army Science Conference Proceedings, 361–373.
  60. Sen P, 1938. Anopheles sundaicus (Ludlowi) and malaria in Calcutta. J Mal Inst India l 1 : 83–107. [Google Scholar]
  61. Kumari R, Joshi H, Giri A, Sharma VP, 1993. Feeding preferences of Anopheles sundaicus in Car Nicobar Island. Indian J Malariol 30 : 201–206. [Google Scholar]
  62. Huehne WH, 1971. Experience with an insecticide-drug combination and observations on suppressive chloroquine-pyrimethamine treatment. J Trop Med Hyg 74 : 110–116. [Google Scholar]
  63. Coosemans M, Wery M, Mouchet J, Carnevale P, 1992. Transmission factors in malaria epidemiology and control in Africa. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 87 (Suppl 3): 385–391. [Google Scholar]
  64. Poolsuwan S, 1995. Malaria in prehistoric Southeastern Asia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 26 : 3–22. [Google Scholar]
  65. Collins WE, Contacos PG, 1980. Infection and transmission studies with Plasmodium gonderi in the Macaca mulatta monkey. J Parasitol 66 : 998–1002. [Google Scholar]
  66. Kirnowardoyo S, 1988. Anopheles malaria vector and control measures applied in Indonesia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 19 : 713–716. [Google Scholar]
  67. Takagi M, Pohan W, Hasibuan H, Panjaitan W, Suzuki T, 1995. Evaluation of shading of fish farming ponds as a larval control measure against Anopheles sundaicus Rodenwaldt (Diptera: Culicidae). Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 26 : 748–753. [Google Scholar]
  68. Imai C, Yamugi H, Panjaitan W, 1987. Efficacy of several larvicides in laboratory and field tests against Anopheles sundaicus in a village, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Jpn J Sanit Zool 38 : 93–102. [Google Scholar]
  69. Manguin S, Roberts DR, Peyton EL, Rejmankova E, Pecor J, 1996. Characterization of Anopheles pseudopunctipennis larval habitats. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 12 : 619–626. [Google Scholar]
  70. Covell G, 1927. Report on an Inquiry into Malarial Conditions in the Andamans. Delhi: Government of India Press.
  71. Covell G, Singh P, 1942. Malaria in the coastal belt of Orissa. J Malaria Inst India 4 : 457–488. [Google Scholar]
  72. Kumari R, Sharma VP, 1994. Resting and biting habits of Anopheles sundaicus in Car Nicobar Island. Indian J Malariol 31 : 103–114. [Google Scholar]
  73. Nandi J, Kaul SM, Sharma SN, Shiv L, 2000. Anthropophily of anophelines in duars of West Bengal and other regions of India. J Commun Dis 32 : 95–99. [Google Scholar]
  74. Ikemoto T, 1982. Studies on the bionomics of An. sundaicus (Rodenwaldt, 1925), the principal malaria vector in a coastal area of the North Sumatra, Indonesia. Teikyo Med J 5 : 1–15. [Google Scholar]
  75. Akiyama J, 1984. Assignment Report (Jan 1980–Dec 1983). Jakarta: Indonesia. Malaria Control Program in Indonesia.
  76. Moorhouse DE, Wharton RH, 1965. Studies on Malayan vectors of malaria; methods of trapping and observations on biting cycles. J Med Entomol 1 : 359–370. [Google Scholar]
  77. Giang NL, Hoa PT, Dan BV, Thang TT, 1980. Quelques Particularités du Paludisme au Pilote Ayant An. sundaicus et Les Mesures Appliquées. Hanoi, Vietnam: National Institute of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, 59–65.
  78. Bonne-Webster J, Swellengrebel NH, 1953. The Anopheline Mosquito of the Indo-Australian Region. Amsterdam: De Bussy.
  79. Marwoto HA, Arbani PR, 1991. Forest Malaria in Indonesia. Geneva: World Health Organization. Forest Malaria in Southeast Asia: Proceedings of an Informal Consultative Meeting. WHO/MRC.
  80. Hien NT, 1968. The Genus Anopheles in the Republic of Vietnam. Saigon, Vietnam: National Malaria Program.
  81. Crandell HA, 1954. Resistance of An. sundaicus to DDT. a preliminary report. Mosq News 14 : 194–195. [Google Scholar]
  82. WHO, 1976. Resistance of vectors and reservoirs of disease to pesticides. 22th Report of the WHO Expert Committee on Insecticides. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 585.
  83. Ong Keng Ho, Chewlai M, Lok CL, 1981. Current insecticidal susceptibility status of mosquitoes in Singapore. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 12 : 222–227. [Google Scholar]
  84. Kirnowardoyo S, 1985. Status of Anopheles malaria vectors in Indonesia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 16 : 129–132. [Google Scholar]
  85. Gornostaeva RM, Vu Tkhin V, Nguen Van C, Nguen Tkhyong K, Nguen Suan Z, Nguen Tuan R, Nguen Tho V, 1994. Sensitivity of malarial mosquitoes to insecticides in Vietnam. Med Parazitol (Mosk) 34–41. [Google Scholar]
  86. Webster J, 2000. Malaria Consortium - East Timor: Roll Back Malaria Complex Emergency Malaria Technical Support. Liverpool, United Kingdom: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.
  87. Imai C, Panjaitan W, 1990. Ecological study of Anopheles sundaicus larvae in coastal village of North Sumatra, Indonesia. II. Environmental factor affecting larval density of An. sundaicus and other anopheline species. Jpn J Sanit Zool 41 : 205–211. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.518
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.518
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 23 Feb 2004
  • Accepted : 04 Apr 2004

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error