Volume 70, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A cross-sectional study was performed in February 2001 to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of infection in army personnel who resided in an army base in Chonburi, Thailand. A total of 904 army personnel were enrolled in this study. Short-term cultivation was used to detect in stool samples. In this population, was the parasite most frequently found, and was identified in 334 of 904 stool specimens (36.9%). A significant association between infection and symptoms was identified that might emphasize the role of as a human pathogen. After adjustment for potential confounders, significantly increased risk of being infection with was associated with being a private, working in a specific unit, and consuming unboiled drinking water. Thus, waterborne transmission of infection was indicated at this army base. However, other modes of transmission cannot be ruled out.


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  • Received : 02 Jul 2003
  • Accepted : 17 Oct 2003

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