1921
Volume 68, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

To understand further the molecular basis of rickettsial host cell invasion, invasion gene homolog () has been characterized. Our previous experiments have shown that InvA is an ApA pyrophosphatase, a member of the Nudix hydrolase family, which is up-regulated during the internalization, early growth phase, and exit steps during rickettsial mammalian cell infection. In addition to the molecular characterization, subcellular localization of InvA was investigated. InvA-specific antibodies were raised in mice and used for immunoelectron microscopy. The generated antibodies were shown to recognize InvA and by immunogold labeling showed InvA in the cytoplasm of rickettsiae. A cytoplasmic location for InvA would allow for a rapid response to any internal substance and efficient functioning in hydrolysis of toxic metabolic by-products that are accumulated in the rickettsial cytoplasm during host cell invasion. Protecting bacteria from a hazardous environment could enhance their viability and allow them to remain metabolically active, which is a necessary step for the rickettsial obligate intracellular lifestyle.

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2003-01-01
2017-09-24
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  • Received : 20 May 2002
  • Accepted : 08 Aug 2002

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