1921
Volume 68, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Parasitologic and entomologic cross-sectional surveys were carried out during an outbreak of malaria between December 1998 and August 2000 in forest villages near the Mohkhed Primary Health Center in the Chhindwara District of Madhya Pradesh in central India. In December 1998, surveys showed that more than 70% of the fever cases had malaria, with 87% of the malaria caused by . The rate of enlarged spleens in children was 74.5%. In November 1999, 58% of the inhabitants were infected with malaria, with 80% of these cases caused by . Chloroquine resistance was seen in 23% of the cases. was the dominant mosquito species in all surveys (70–85%) and was resistant to DDT. The results indicate that the incidence of malaria in Chhindwara has increased gradually from 0.31 per 1,000 in 1990 to 6.75 per 1,000 in 2000. Improved access to treatment facilities, combination therapy, and vector control using an effective insecticide appear to be the most promising methods for controlling malaria in this region.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.602
2003-05-01
2017-09-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/68/5/0680602.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.602&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anonymous, 2001. Mid Term Review under E.M.C.P. November 6, 2001 at New Delhi. Madhya Pradesh: Directorate of Health Services.
  2. Singh N, Singh OP, Sharma VP, 1996. Dynamics of malaria transmission in forested and deforested regions of Mandla district, central India (Madhya Pradesh). Am J Mosq Cont Asso 12 : 225–234.
  3. Singh J, Bhattacharji LM, 1944. Rapid staining of malarial parasites by a water soluble stain. Indian Med Gaz 79 : 102–104.
  4. Anonymous, 1995. Operational Manual for Malaria Action Programme (MAP). Delhi: National Malaria Eradication Programme. Government of India.
  5. Christophers SR, Sinton JA Covell G, 1958. How to Do a Malaria Survey. Health Bulletin No. 14. Malaria Bureau No. 6. Government of India Press, Calcutta.
  6. World Health Organization 1996. Assessment of Therapeutic Efficacy of Antimalarial Drugs for Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Areas with Intense Transmission. Geneva. World Health Organization. Division of Control of Tropical Disease. WHO/MAL/96.1077.
  7. Rieckmann KH, 1990. Monitoring the response of malaria infection to treatment. Bull World Health Organ 68 : 759–760.
  8. Sharma RS, Sharma GK, Dhillon GPS, 1996. Epidemiology and Control of Malaria in India. Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National Malaria Eradication Programme. Government of India.
  9. Christophers SR, 1933. The Fauna of British India including Celon and Burma. Volume V. London: Taylor and Francis.
  10. Wirtz RA, Burkot TR, Graves PM, Andre RG, 1987. Field evaluation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax sporozoites in mosquitoes (Diptera culicidae) in Papua New Guinea. J Med Entomol 24 : 433–437.
  11. Anonymous, 2001. Enhanced Malaria Control Project Madhya Pradesh. Review meeting on centrally sponsored schemes funded by external donors in Chief Secretary’s ANTE Chamber, Bhopal.
  12. Rajagopalan PK, Das PK, Pani SP, Jambulingam P, Mohapatra SSS, Gunasekaran K, Das LK, 1990. Parasitological aspects of malaria persistence in Koraput district, Orissa, India. Indian J Med Res 91 : 44–51.
  13. Prakash A, Mohapatra PK, Bhattacharya DR, Sharma CK, Goswami BK, Hazarika NC, Mahanta J, 2000. Epidemiology of malaria outbreak (April/May, 1999) in Titabor Primary Health Centre, district Jorhat (Assam). Indian J Med Res 111 : 121–126.
  14. Singh N, Mishra AK, Chand SK, Sharma VP, 1999. Population dynamics of Anopheles culicifacies and malaria in the tribal area of central India. J Am Mosq Control Asso 15 : 283–290.
  15. Subbarao SK, Vasantha K, Joshi H, Raghavendra K, Usha Devi C, Sathyanarayan TS, Cochrane AH, Nussenzweig RS, Sharma VP, 1992. Role of Anopheles culicifacies sibling species in malaria transmission in Madhya Pradesh, India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 86 : 613–614.
  16. Mahmood F, Macdonald M, 1985. Ecology of malaria transmission and vectorial capacity of Anopheles culicifacies species A in rural Punjab Pakistan. Pak J Med Res 24 : 95–106.
  17. Singh N, Mehra RK, Srivastava N, 2001. Malaria during pregnancy and infancy in an area of intense malaria transmission. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 95 : 19–29.
  18. Prybylski D, Khaliq A, Fox E, Sarwari AR, Strickland GT, 1999. Parasite density and malaria morbidity in the Pakistani Punjab. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61 : 791–801.
  19. Maitlan K, William TN, Bennett S, Newbold CI, Peto TEA, Viji J, Timothy R, Clegg JB, Weatherall DJ, Bowden DK, 1996. The interaction between Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax in children on Espiritu Santo island, Vanuatu. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 90 : 614–620.
  20. Anonymous, 2001. Annual Report. Chhindwara: District Malaria Officer, Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal: Directorate of Health Services.
  21. Anonymous, 2001. Susceptibility Status of Vector Mosquito (Special Vector Study Campaign, 2001). Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal: Directorate Health Services.
  22. Singh N, Singh MP, Saxena A, Sharma VP, Kalra NL, 1998. Knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices (KABP) study related to malaria and intervention strategies in ethnic tribals of Mandla (Madhya Pradesh). Curr Sci 75 : 1386–1390.
  23. Singh N, Mishra AK, Singh OP, Jaiswal A, Khan MT, 1994. Feasibility study on the introduction of insecticide impregnated bed nets for malaria control in forested villages of district Mandla (Madhya Pradesh). Indian J Malariol 31 : 136–140.
  24. Roberts DR, Manguin S, Mouchet J, 2000. DDT house spraying and re-emerging malaria. Lancet 356 : 330–332.
  25. World Health Organization, 1998. Roll Back Malaria. WHO malaria briefing presentation by D. Nabarro, United Kingdom, Department for International Development. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  26. White NJ, Olliaro PL, 1996. Strategies for the prevention of antimalarial drug resistance. Parasitol Today 12 : 399–401.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.602
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.602
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 20 Apr 2002
  • Accepted : 14 Nov 2002

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error