1921
Volume 68, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) and rodents were collected in the endemic focus of urban cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sanliurfa, Turkey. and represented 99% of the sand fly population. These flies were trapped in highest numbers in animal sheds, followed by cellars. However, was relatively more abundant in rooms. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the gut contents from blood-fed females detected immunoglobulins specific to birds and mammals, suggesting that both species are opportunistic feeders, although poultry is a frequent blood source of . Blood sources include black rats () and house mice (); these rodents are abundant inside houses, and might have a role in parasite circulation.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.6
2003-01-01
2019-01-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/68/1/0680006.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.6&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Gramiccia M, Bettini S, Yasarol S, 1984. Isoenzyme characterization of Leishmania isolates from human cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Urfa, south-east Turkey. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 78 : 568–568. [Google Scholar]
  2. Akman L, Aksu HSZ, Wang RQ, Ozensoy S, Ozbel Y, Alkan Z, Ozcel MA, Culha G, Ozcan K, Uzun S, Memisoglu HR, Chang K-P, 2000. Multi-site DNA polymorphism analyses of Leishmania isolates define their genotypes predicting clinical epidemiology of leishmaniasis in a specific region. J Eukaryot Microbiol 47 : 545–554. [Google Scholar]
  3. Lepont F, Bayazit Y, Konyar M, Demirhindi H, 1996. Dermal leishmaniasis in the urban focus of Sanliurfa (Turquey). Bull Soc Pathol Exot 89 : 274–275. [Google Scholar]
  4. Alptekin D, Kasap M, Luleyap U, Kasap H, Aksoy S, Wilson ML, 1999. Sandflies (Diptera : Psychodidae) associated with epidemic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sanliurfa, Turkey. J Med Entomol 36 : 277–281. [Google Scholar]
  5. Akkafa F, Tasci S, 1999. Phlebotomus Fauna of the City of Sanliurfa in Southeastern Turkey. T Parazitol Derg 23 : 417–422. [Google Scholar]
  6. Volf P, Ozbel Y, Akkafa F, Svobodova M, Votypka J, Chang K-P, 2002. Sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in Sanliurfa, Turkey: relationship of Phlebotomus sergenti with the epidemic of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. J Med Entomol 39 : 12–15. [Google Scholar]
  7. Harrison DL, Bates PM, 1991.The Mammals of Arabia. Harrison Zoological Museum Publications, Sevenoaks, UK.
  8. Tesh RB, Chaniotis BN, Aronson MD, Johnson KM, 1971. Natural host preferences of Panamanian phlebotomine sandflies as determined by precipitin test. Am J Trop Med Hyg 20 : 150–156. [Google Scholar]
  9. de Colmenares M, Portus M, Botet J, Dobano C, Gallego M, Wolff M, Segui G, 1995. Identification of blood meals of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Spain by a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay biotin-avidin method. J Med Entomol 32 : 229–233. [Google Scholar]
  10. Morrison AC, Ferro C, Tesh RB, 1993. Host preferences of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis at an endemic focus of American visceral leishmaniasis in Colombia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 49 : 68–75. [Google Scholar]
  11. Zivkovic V, Movsesijan M, Miscevic Z, Borojevic D, 1971. Detection of the origin of blood meals in sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae). Acta Vet Beograd 21 : 129–134. [Google Scholar]
  12. Guy MW, Killickkendrick R, Gill GS, Rioux JA, Bray RS, 1984. Ecology of leishmaniasis in the south of France.19. Determination of the hosts of Phlebotomus ariasi Tonnoir, 1921 in Cevennes by bloodmeal analyses. Ann Parasitol Hum Comp 59 : 449–458. [Google Scholar]
  13. Edman JD, Webber LA, Schmidt AA, 1973. Effect of host defenses on the feeding pattern of Culex nigripalpus when offered a choice of blood sources. J Parasitol 60: 874–883. 14. Lane RP, 1986. Chicken house reservoirs of sandflies. Parasitol Today 2 : 248–249. [Google Scholar]
  14. Schlein Y, Warburg A, Schnur LF, Shlomai J, 1983. Vector compatibility of Phlebotomus papatasi dependent on differentially induced digestion. Acta Trop 40 : 65–70. [Google Scholar]
  15. Girginkardesler N, Balcioglu IC, Yereli K, Ozbilgin A, Ozbel Y, 2001. Cutaneous leishmaniasis infection in BALB/c mice using a Leishmania tropica strain isolated from Turkey. J Parasitol 87 : 1177–1178. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.6
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.6
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 06 May 2002
  • Accepted : 29 Aug 2002

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error