1921
Volume 68, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Dermatologic manifestations are quite common in patients with adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma and myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis associated with infection with human T cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1). In this study, we evaluated the dermatologic lesions of eligible blood donors in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil who were seropositive but asymptomatic for infection with HTLV-1. The study population was composed of 128 HTLV-1-seropositive individuals and 108 seronegative controls. All individuals underwent a dermatologic evaluation. Biopsy specimens were obtained from abnormal and normal skin samples of seropositive individuals in an attempt to detect HTLV-1 in tissue samples by a polymerase chain reaction. Dermatologic alterations were observed more frequently in the seropositive group (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 8.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.11–18.71). The most common skin diseases were dermatophytoses (adjusted OR = 3.32, 95% CI = 1.50–7.35), seborrheic dermatitis (OR = 3.53, 95% CI = 0.67–24.66), and acquired ichthyosis ( = 0.001). Virus was detected more frequently in abnormal skin samples. Dermatologic lesions probably related to HTLV-1 infection were diagnosed in eligible blood donors who were infected with this virus, who were previously considered to be asymptomatic carriers of HTLV-1.

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  • Received : 11 Jun 2002
  • Accepted : 13 Feb 2003

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