1921
Volume 68, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

An outbreak of trichinellosis caused by ingestion of pork infected with occurred in the province of Granada in southern Spain in April–May 2000. Thirty-eight people were affected and 15 of them were hospitalized at the University Hospital of San Cecilio (Granada). The probable source of infection was sausage made from uninspected wild boar meat and inspected pork. Ninety-two percent of the patients had myalgias, 47.6% had diarrhea and/or vomited, 78.6% had periorbital edema, and 76.0% had fever. Twenty-two patients (15 hospitalized and 7 nonhospitalized) were serologically studied. Eosinophil levels were less than 5% of the total leukocyte count in 86.7% of the patients. Levels of creatinine phosphokinase (range = 200–2,213 U/L) and lactate dehydrogenase (range = 560–7,558 U/L) were elevated in 85.7% and 78.6% of the patients, respectively. Sixteen (72.7%) and 20 (90.9%) patients were positive for by indirect immunofluorescence and Western blot, respectively.

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2003-04-01
2017-11-23
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References

  1. Pozio E, 1998. Trichinellosis in the European Union: epidemiological, ecology and economic impact. Parasitol Today 14 : 35–38.
  2. Carnieri I, Ancelle T, Dupouy-Camet J, Pozio E, 1989. Different aetiological agents cause the European outbreaks of horsemeat induced human trichinellosis. Tanner CE, Martinez-Fernandez AR, Bolas-Fernandez F, eds. Trichinellosis. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Spain Publishing, 387–391.
  3. Ainsworth R, Andrew JRL, Abernethy D, 1994. Trichinella pseudospiralis: the first human case. Cambell W, Pozio E, Bruschi F. eds. Trichinellosis. Rome: Istituto Superiore di Saitá, Italia Publishing, 461–465.
  4. Gari-Toussaint M, Bernard E, Quaranta JF, Marty P, Soler C, Ozouf N, Caux C, 1994. First report in France of an outbreak of human trichinellosis due to Trichinella britovi. Campbell WC, Pozio E, Bruschi F, eds. Trichinellosis. Rome: Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Italia Publishing, 465–474.
  5. Rodriguez E, Nieto J, Rodriguez M, Gárate T, 1995. Use of random amplified polymorphic DNA for detection of Trichinella britovi outbreaks in Spain. Clin Infect Dis 21 : 1521–1522.
  6. Neri C, Hermida I, Arazo P, Sardaña J, 1998. Brote de trichinellosis por T. britovi. Med Clin (Barc) 111 : 198–199.
  7. Informe Epidemiológico Provincial de Zaragoza, 1999. Sección de Vigilancia Epidemiológica. Zaragoza, Spain:Servicio Provincial de Sanidad.
  8. Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Andalucía, 2000. Consejería de Salud. Sevilla, Spain. Informe Semanal 5: 9.
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  • Received : 22 Jan 2002
  • Accepted : 20 Nov 2002

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