1921
Volume 68, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Working in a village dengue focus in Chachoengsao Province, Thailand, aedine mosquito larvae and pupae were counted in all containers of 10 houses per month. The wings of female (L.) emerging from pupae were measured. Number of pupae and size of emerging females increased in containers with qualities that favored availability of larval food sources (e.g., uncovered containers). The small size of most mosquitoes compared with those raised in the laboratory indicated that the larval population as a whole was under nutritional stress. Applying the number of pupae per house and measurement of air and water temperature with an existing model, the risk of dengue transmission was greatest in May and June. The estimated number of female per house was well above the threshold for increasing transmission in all months but December through February. A phased approach to sampling immature aedine mosquitoes in Thailand is proposed, which would consist of routine surveillance of larval index and occasional total counts with measurement of wing size. Such a system would combine the benefits of the simple application of larval surveillance with the valuable data gathered from pupal counts and wing measurements.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.209
2003-02-01
2017-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/68/2/0680209.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.209&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Soper FL, Wilson DB, Lima S, Antunes WS, 1943. The organization of permanent nation-wide anti-Aedes aegypti measures in Brazil. New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 1–137.
  2. Kay BH, Barker-Hudson P, Hapgood GD, McCurley JO, Lyons GC, Ives W, 1987. Aedes aegypti and dengue in the Townsville area, 1982–1985. Gen Appl Ent 19 : 2–10.
  3. Hart A, 2000. The DART—a new approach to dengue fever control. Wing Beats 10 : 16–18.
  4. Hoedojo, Suroso T, 1990. Aedes aegypti control through source reduction by community efforts in Pekalongan, Indonesia. Mosquito-Borne Dis Bull 7 : 59–62.
  5. Bang YH, Pant CP, 1972. A field trial of Abate larvicide for the control of Aedes aegypti in Bangkok, Thailand. Bull WHO 46 : 416–425.
  6. Pontes RJS, Freeman J, Oliveira-Lima JW, Hodgson JC, Spielman A, 2000. Vector densities that potentiate dengue outbreaks in a Brazilian city. Am J Trop Med Hyg 62 : 378–383.
  7. World Health Organization, 1972. An international system for the surveillance of vectors. Weekly Epidemiol Rec 47 : 73–80.
  8. World Health Organization, 1999. Dengue/dengue haemorrhagic fever prevention and control programme in Thailand. WHO Project: ICP CTD 001, SEA/Haem. Fev./68, SEA/VBC/68. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1–47.
  9. Focks DA, Chadee DD, 1997. Pupal survey: an epidemiologically significant surveillance method for Aedes aegypti: an example using data from Trinidad. Am J Trop Med Hyg 56 : 159–167.
  10. Focks DA, Brenner RJ, Hayes J, Daniels E, 2000. Transmission thresholds for dengue in terms of Aedes aegypti pupae per person with discussion of their utility in source reduction efforts. Am J Trop Med Hyg 62 : 11–18.
  11. Kittayapong P, Strickman D, 1993. Distribution of container-inhabiting Aedes larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) at a dengue focus in Thailand. J Med Entomol 30 : 601–606.
  12. Strickman D, Kittayapong P, 2002. Dengue and its vectors in Thailand: introduction to the study and seasonal distribution of Aedes larvae. Am J Trop Med Hyg 67 : 247–259.
  13. Huang YM, 1979. Medical entomology studies: XI. the subgenus Stegomyia of Aedes in the Oriental region with keys to the species (Diptera: Culicidae). Contrib Am Entomol Inst 15 : 1–79.
  14. Sumanochitrapon W, Strickman D, Sithiprasasna R, Kittayapong P, Innis BL, 1998. Effect of size and geographic origin of Aedes aegypti on oral infection with dengue-2 virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 58 : 283–286.
  15. Kittayapong P, Strickman D, 1993. Three simple devices for preventing development of Aedes aegypti larvae in water jars. Am J Trop Med Hyg 49 : 158–165.
  16. Strickman D, Kittayapong P, 1993. Laboratory demonstration of oviposition by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in covered water jars. J Med Entomol 30 : 947–949.
  17. Dye C, 1984. Models for the population dynamics of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. J Animal Ecol 53 : 247–268.
  18. Day JF, Edman JD, Scott TW, 1994. Reproductive fitness and survivorship of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) maintained on blood, with field observations from Thailand. J Med Entomol 31 : 611–617.
  19. Briegel H, 1990. Metabolic relationship between female body size, reserves, and fecundity of Aedes aegypti. J Insect Physiol 36 : 165–172.
  20. Van den Heuvel MJ, 1963. The effect of rearing temperature on the wing length, thorax length, leg length and ovariole number of the adult mosquito, Aedes aegypti (L.). Trans R Entomol Soc Lond 115 : 197–216.
  21. Scott TW, Amerasinghe PH, Morrison AC, Lorenz LH, Clark GG, Strickman D, Kittayapong P, Edman JD, 2000. Longitudinal studies of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand and Puerto Rico: blood feeding frequency. J Med Entomol 37 : 89–101.
  22. Nasci RS, 1991. Influence of larval and adult nutrition on biting persistence in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol 28 : 522–526.
  23. Naksathit AT, Edman JD, Scott TW, 1999. Amounts of glycogen, lipid, and sugar in adult female Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) fed sucrose. J Med Entomol 36 : 8–12.
  24. Edman JD, Spielman A, 1988. Blood-feeding by vectors: physiology, ecology, behavior, and vertebrate defense. Monath TP, ed. The arboviruses: epidemiology and ecology: Volume I. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 153–189.
  25. Naksathit AT, Scott TW, 1998. Effect of female size on fecundity and survivorship of Aedes aegypti fed only human blood versus human blood plus sugar. J Am Mosquito Control Assoc 14 : 148–152.
  26. Strickman D, Sithiprasasna R, Kittayapong P, Innis BL, 2000. Distribution of dengue and Japanese encephalitis among children in rural and suburban Thai villages. Am J Trop Med Hyg 63 : 27–35.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.209
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.209
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 15 May 2001
  • Accepted : 23 Oct 2002

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error