Volume 68, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Dengue hemorrhagic fever has been a major health problem in Asia since the 1950s. During this period, the former principal vector of dengue viruses in Asia, , was replaced by in most major cities of the area. is now considered the main vector of dengue viruses in Asia. Surprisingly, however, this mosquito has been described as having a relatively low oral receptivity for dengue viruses compared with . In the present study, we compared the relative oral receptivities of and collected in southeast Asia from both sympatric and allopatric breeding sites. In all instances, the oral receptivity of to the dengue type 2 virus used was significantly higher than that of . We also compared the relative oral receptivity of and for two other low-passage strains of dengue 2. In all instances, was significantly more receptive than . It should be noted, however, that the difference was found only for recently collected from the field (Ta Promh strain, Cambodia, 2001) and not for an strain that had been colonized for many years (Oahu strain, Hawaii, 1971). We also observed a significant increase in the infection rate of of the Ta Promh strain with increasing generations in the laboratory. These observations demonstrate the importance of considering the colonization history of mosquitoes when assessing their susceptibility to infection with dengue viruses and, perhaps, other arboviruses.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Rush B, 1789. An account of the bilious remitting fever, as it appeared in Philadelphia, in the summer and autumn of the year 1780. Rush B, ed. Medical Inquiries and Observations. Philadelphia: Pritchard and Hall, 89–100.
  2. Gubler DJ, 1997. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever: its history and resurgence as a global public health problem. Gubler DJ, Kuno G, eds. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 1–22.
  3. Hammon WM, Rudnick A, Sather GE, 1960. Viruses associated with epidemic hemorrhagic fevers of the Philippines and Thailand. Science 131 : 1102–1103. [Google Scholar]
  4. Chungue E, Laudon F, Glaziou P, 1993. Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever in French Polynesia—Current situation. Trop Med 35 : 209–215. [Google Scholar]
  5. Rodhain F, Rosen L, 1997. Mosquito vectors and dengue virus-vector relationships. Gubler DJ, Kuno G, eds. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 45–60.
  6. Tran Khanh T, Vazeille-Falcoz M, Mousson L, Tran Huu H, Rodhain F, Nguyen Thi H, Failloux AB, 1999. Aedes aegypti in Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam): susceptibility to dengue 2 virus and genetic differentiation. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93 : 581–586. [Google Scholar]
  7. Vazeille-Falcoz M, Mousson L, Rodhain F, Chungue E, Failloux AB, 1999. Variation in oral susceptibility to dengue type 2 virus of populations of Aedes aegypti from the islands of Tahiti and Moorea, French Polynesia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 60 : 292–299. [Google Scholar]
  8. Fouque F, Vazeille M, Mousson L, Gaborit P, Carinci R, Issaly J, Rodhain F, Failloux AB, 2001. Aedes aegypti from French Guiana: susceptibility to a dengue virus. Trop Med Int Health 6 : 76–82. [Google Scholar]
  9. Paupy C, Girod R, Salvan M, Rodhain F, Failloux AB, 2001. Population structure of Aedes albopictus from La Réunion Island (Indian Ocean) with respect to susceptibility to a dengue virus. Heredity 87 : 273–283. [Google Scholar]
  10. Vazeille-Falcoz M, Adhami J, Mousson L, Rodhain F, 1999. Aedes albopictus from Albania: a potential vector of dengue viruses. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 15 : 475–478. [Google Scholar]
  11. Metselaar D, Grainger CR, Oei KG, Reynolds DG, Pudney M, Leake CJ, Tukei PM, d’Offay RM, Simpson DIH, 1980. An outbreak of type 2 dengue in the Seychelles, probably transmitted by Aedes albopictus (Skuse). WHO 58 : 937–943. [Google Scholar]
  12. Igarashi A, 1978. Isolation of a Singh’s Aedes albopictus cell clone sensitive to dengue and chikungunya viruses. J Gen Virol 40 : 531–544. [Google Scholar]
  13. Kuberski TT, Rosen L, 1977. A simple technique for the detection of dengue antigen in mosquitoes by immunofluorescence. Am J Trop Med Hyg 26 : 533–537. [Google Scholar]
  14. Rosen L, Gubler DJ, 1974. The use of mosquitoes to detect and propagate dengue viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 23 : 1153–1160. [Google Scholar]
  15. Reed LJ, Muench H, 1938. A simple method of estimating fifty per cent endpoints. Am J Hyg 27 : 493–497. [Google Scholar]
  16. Raymond M, Rousset F, 1995. Genepop (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J Heredity 86 : 248–249. [Google Scholar]
  17. Ton Nu VA, Mousson L, Huber K, Le Viet L, Failloux A-B, 2001. Aedes aegypti (L., 1762) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1894) (Diptera: Culicidae) in dengue transmission in Nha Trang (South Vietnam): preliminary results. Ann Soc Entomol Fr (N.S.), 37 : 473–479. [Google Scholar]
  18. Rosen L, Rozeboom LE, Gubler DJ, Lien JC, Chaniotis BN, 1985. Comparative susceptibility of mosquito species and strains to oral and parenteral infection with dengue and Japanese encephalitis viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 34 : 603–615. [Google Scholar]
  19. Gubler DJ, Rosen L, 1976. Variation among geographic strains of Aedes albopictus in susceptibility to infection with dengue viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 25 : 318–325. [Google Scholar]
  20. Gubler DJ, Nalim S, Tan R, Saipan H, Sulianti Saroso J, 1979. Variation in susceptibility to oral infection with dengue viruses among geographic strains of Aedes aegypti. Am J Trop Med Hyg 28 : 1045–1052. [Google Scholar]
  21. Failloux AB, Vazeille M, Rodhain F, 2002. Geographic genetic variation in populations of the dengue virus vector Aedes aegypti. J Mol Evol 55 : 653–663. [Google Scholar]
  22. Armstrong PM, Rico-Hesse R, 2001. Differential susceptibility of Aedes aegypti to infection by the American and the Southeast Asian genotypes of dengue type 2 viruses. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 1 : 159–168. [Google Scholar]
  23. Vazeille-Falcoz M, Failloux AB, Mousson L, Elissa N, Rodhain F, 1999. Réceptivité orale d’Aedes aegypti formosus de Franceville (Gabon, Afrique Centrale) pour le virus de la dengue type 2. Bull Soc Path Exo 92 : 341–342. [Google Scholar]
  24. Chen W-J, Wei H-L, Hsu E-L, Chen E-R, 1993. Vector competence of Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to dengue 1 virus in Taiwan: development of the virus in orally and parenterally infected mosquitoes. J Med Entomol 30 : 524–530. [Google Scholar]
  25. Bosio CF, Beaty BJ, Black WC, 1998. Quantitative genetics of vector competence for dengue-2 virus in Aedes aegypti. Am J Trop Med Hyg 59 : 965–970. [Google Scholar]
  26. Rosen L, 1987. Sexual transmission of dengue viruses by Aedes albopictus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 3 : 398–402. [Google Scholar]
  27. Rosen L, Shroyer DA, Tesh RB, Freier JE, Lien JC, 1983. Transovarial transmission of dengue viruses by mosquitoes Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti. Am J Trop Med Hyg 32 : 1108–1119. [Google Scholar]
  28. Sabin AB, 1952. Research on dengue during World War II. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1 : 30–50. [Google Scholar]
  29. Vazeille M, Mousson L, Rakatoarivony I, Villeret R, Rodhain F, Duchemin JB, Failloux AB, 2001. Population genetic structure and competence as a vector for dengue type 2 virus of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus from Madagascar. Am J Trop Med Hyg 65 : 491–497. [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 12 Jun 2002
  • Accepted : 17 Oct 2002

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error