1921
Volume 67, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

This study sought to estimate the frequency of ocular complications in malaria and its prognostic value in Mali. A total of 140 children (aged 6 months to 9 years) with severe malaria (105 with cerebral malaria, 35 without neurological complications) were compared with 34 children with mild malaria and 82 children with nonmalarial fever. Ocular lesions were rare in the mild malaria group (5.8%). Retinal hemorrhages occurred in 11.8% of the children in the severe noncerebral malaria group. Cerebral malaria was associated with retinal hemorrhages (22.9%) and retinal edema (10.5%). No association was found between ocular signs such as retinal hemorrhages or retinal edema and mortality. Exudates, papilledema, and the presence of cottonwool spots were associated with an increased risk of death. Coma score and convulsions were significantly associated with death but not with ocular signs. The presence of retinal signs in a child in a malaria-endemic area may signal a case of severe malaria.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2002.67.61
2002-07-01
2017-11-23
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