Volume 66, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A retrospective analysis was made of clinical and parasitologic parameters in patients with induced Plasmodium ovale infection to document the initial clinical and parasitologic response and their subsequent development of clinical and parasitologic immunity, and to determine the effect of previous homologous and heterologous malaria on subsequent infection with this parasite. The prepatent periods were relatively uniform. Eight patients injected with sporozoites that had been stored frozen had a median prepatent period of 14 days (range = 14-20 days). Thirty-five patients infected via the bites of infected mosquitoes had a median prepatent period of 15 days (range = 12-18 days). In eight patients previously infected with P. vivax, the median prepatent period was 16 days. High-intensity fever (> or = 104 degrees F) was frequently seen, with instances of fever > or = 106 degrees F recorded on many occasions. Fever > 101 degrees F and > 104 degrees F occurred for much shorter periods of time than had been observed in patients infected with P. falciparum. Parasite counts > 10,000/microL were infrequent; in most patients, such parasite counts rarely lasted more than two or three days. Gametocytemia was generally of low density and lasted only a few days. The overall length of the clinical and parasitologic period was much shorter compared with that seen in patients infected with P. falciparum. Previous infection with P. ovale did not prevent reinfection, but resulted in reduced levels of parasitemia and fever. Previous infection with heterologous species of Plasmodium did not prevent infection; some reduction in the frequency and intensity of fever and parasite counts was evident. Previous infection with homologous or heterologous parasites failed to eliminate the production of infective gametocytes. A total of 462 lots of mosquitoes were fed on 67 patients with no previous history of infection. Of these feedings, 168 (36.4%) resulted in infection as determined by the presence of oocysts on the midguts of dissected mosquitoes. As shown, the infection rate increased with the density of gametocytes even though 48 (23.4%) of 205 lots of mosquitoes fed when no gametocytes were detected were infected.


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