Volume 64, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


A retrospective analysis of the discharge records of 186,131 inpatients admitted to six Ugandan hospitals during 1992-1998 was performed to describe the disease patterns and trends among the population of Northern Uganda. In all hospitals, malaria was the leading cause of admission and the frequency of admissions for malaria showed the greatest increase. Other conditions, such as malnutrition and injuries, mainly increased in the sites affected by civil conflict and massive population displacement. Tuberculosis accounted for the highest burden on hospital services (approximately one-fourth of the total bed-days), though it showed a stable trend over time. A stable trend was also observed for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is in contrast to the hypothesis that AIDS patients have displaced other patients in recent years. In conclusion, preventable and/or treatable communicable diseases, mainly those related to poverty and poor hygiene, represent the leading causes of admission and death, reflecting the socioeconomic disruption in Northern Uganda.


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