Volume 63, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


In a single-center double-blind, randomized trial in West Africa, we evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of a new pasteurized, pepsin-digested equine tetanus immunoglobulin (heat-treated equine tetanus immunoglobulin [HT-ETIG]) in the post-exposure prophylaxis of tetanus compared with the reference product, equine tetanus immunoglobulin (ETIG). A total of 134 adults presenting to Garoua Hospital, Cameroon with a tetanus-prone wound were randomized to receive a 3,000 international units (IU) intramuscular injection (deltoid) of either HT-ETIG or ETIG, simultaneously with a tetanus-diphtheria vaccine. No serious adverse reactions were reported. The incidences of local and systemic reactions were similar in the two groups. Repeated measures of equine tetanus-antibody levels measured from Day 0 to Day 28 showed that titers were significantly higher in the HT-ETIG group (P = 0.017). At Day 7, a higher percentage of subjects in the HT-ETIG group had equine antibody levels > or = 0.1 IU/ml (80.4% versus 37.9%; P < 0.0001). No cases of tetanus occurred during the follow-up, attesting to the efficacy of the combined prophylactic treatment.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error