1921
image of Case Report: Severe Visceral Leishmaniasis in a Patient with HIV Coinfection Undergoing Treatment for Erythema Nodosum Leprosum
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

We report a case of visceral leishmaniasis (VL)/HIV coinfection in a patient undergoing regular antiretroviral therapy and treatment with thalidomide for erythema nodosum leprosum. He presented at a health service with high fever, chills, asthenia, pale skin, lower limb edema, hepatomegaly, and splenomegaly. Visceral leishmaniasis was confirmed by direct examination, and serological and molecular tests. Serum levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines were measured. The patient began treatment with liposomal amphotericin B, with good clinical response; however, VL recurred 6 months later. Treatment was reinitiated, maintaining secondary prophylaxis with liposomal amphotericin B. The patient showed clinical improvement with important recovery of CD4 T-lymphocyte count.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0567
2020-09-08
2020-09-22
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0567
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  • Received : 29 May 2020
  • Accepted : 27 Jul 2020
  • Published online : 08 Sep 2020
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