1921
Volume 103, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

The COVID-19 epidemic has spawned an “infodemic,” with excessive and unfounded information that hinders an appropriate public health response. This perspective describes a selection of COVID-19 fake news that originated in Peru and the government’s response to this information. Unlike other countries, Peru was relatively successful in controlling the infodemic possibly because of the implementation of prison sentences for persons who created and shared fake news. We believe that similar actions by other countries in collaboration with social media companies may offer a solution to the infodemic problem.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0536
2020-06-04
2020-09-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/103/2/tpmd200536.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0536&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Johns Hopkins University, 2019. COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Available at: https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html. Accessed May 18, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. MINSA, 2020. Sala Situacional COVID-19 Peru. Available at: https://covid19.minsa.gob.pe/sala_situacional.asp. Accessed May 25, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Tang PM, Zhang SX, Li CH, Wei F, 2020. Geographical identification of the vulnerable groups during COVID-19 crisis: the typhoon eye effect and its boundary conditions. medRxiv, doi: 2020.04.28.20083667.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Kang L et al., 2020. Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: a cross-sectional study. Brain Behav Immun doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.028.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Tan BYQ et al., 2020. Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in Singapore. Ann Intern Med doi:10.7326/M20-1083.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Mazza C, Ricci E, Biondi S, Colasanti M, Ferracuti S, Napoli C, Roma P, 2020. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Italian people during the COVID-19 pandemic: immediate psychological responses and associated factors. Int J Environ Res Public Health 17: E3165.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Lagasse J, 2020. Healthcare Workers Risk Burnout, Exposure in Wake of Coronavirus Pandemic. Available at: https://www.healthcarefinancenews.com/news/healthcare-workers-risk-burnout-exposure-wake-coronavirus-pandemic. Accessed May 15, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Langer G, 2020. Coronavirus Impacts: Disrupted Lives, Elevated Stress, and Soaring Worry. Available at: https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/coronavirus-impacts-disrupted-lives-elevated-stress-soaring-worry/story?id=69812058. Accessed May 15, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Lombardo P, Jones W, Wang L, Shen X, Goldner EM, 2018. The fundamental association between mental health and life satisfaction: results from successive waves of a Canadian national survey. BMC Public Health 18: 342.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Koivumaa-Honkanen H, Kaprio J, Honkanen RJ, Viinamaki H, Koskenvuo M, 2005. The stability of life satisfaction in a 15-year follow-up of adult Finns healthy at baseline. BMC Psychiatry 5: 4.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hua J, Shaw R, 2020. Corona virus (COVID-19) “infodemic” and emerging issues through a data lens: the case of China. Int J Environ Res Public Health 17: 2309.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Shimizu K, 2020. 2019-nCoV, fake news, and racism. Lancet 395: 685686.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kadam AB, Atre SR, 2020. Negative impact of social media panic during the COVID-19 outbreak in India. J Travel Med 27: taaa057.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Tapia L, 2020. Novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and fake news in the Dominican republic. Am J Trop Med Hyg 102: 11721174.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Caretas, 2020. CARETAS Sale en una edición Virtual. Available at: https://twitter.com/caretas/status/1263311243621867523?s=12. Accessed May 22, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. PeruSalem, 2020. #Urgente Dos ministras están pasando el test Coronavirus x sospecha a estar infectadas.Una d ellas es la ministra d economía María Antonieta Alva quien hoy salió en medios y estaba triste y débil. Available at: https://twitter.com/SalemPeru/status/1237822141598322688. Accessed March 26, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Galán-Rodas E, Zamora A, 2015. Alfabetización Digital en Salud para fortalecer los sistemas de salud en Centroamérica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Ciencias de la Salud 1: 2933.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Sommariva S, Vamos C, Mantzarlis A, Đào LU-L, Martinez Tyson D, 2018. Spreading the (fake) news: exploring health messages on social media and the implications for health professionals using a case study. Am J Health Educ 49: 246255.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. McQuate S, 2020. How People Investigate — or Don’t — Fake News on Twitter and Facebook. Available at: https://www.washington.edu/news/2020/03/18/how-people-investigate-fake-news-on-twitter-and-facebook/. Accessed May 16, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Geeng C, Yee S, Roesner F, 2020. Fake news on facebook and twitter: investigating how people (don’t) investigate. CHI 2020: the ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York: Hawaii Convention Center, Paper 655.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. de Althaus J, 2020. Si Nos Relajamos Podrían Morir 125 Mil Peruanos. Available at: https://www.lampadia.com/analisis/economia/podrian-morir-125-mil-peruanos?fbclid=IwAR15aRv0nx7U_ovXHCZrQIDfe6ifV6GF8VqSQo76_T3lCNpRl0kKjHcyu3E. Accessed March 26, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. MINSA, 2020. ATENCIÓN. Respecto a la publicación en redes sociales que menciona que el presidente Martín Vizcarra dio positivo por COVID19, informaos que es FALSA. Available at: https://twitter.com/Minsa_Peru/status/1244428600964722697?s=20. Accessed May 18, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. El Comercio Perú, 2020. Coronavirus en Perú: Martín Vizcarra dio negativo tras someterse a la prueba para detectar COVID-19. Available at: https://elcomercio.pe/lima/sucesos/coronavirus-peru-martin-vizcarra-dio-negativo-tras-someterse-a-la-prueba-para-detectar-covid-19-cuarentena-estado-de-emergencia-nndc-noticia/. Accessed May 19, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Incio J, 2020. Handbook Covid-19 Perú - Noticias Falsas. Available at: https://jincio.github.io/COVID_19_PERU/Fake.html Accessed March 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Salud sin bulos, 2020. Teorías conspiranoicas y falsos remedios sobre el COVID19 siguen copando las redes. Available at: https://saludsinbulos.com/observatorio/teorias-conspiranoicas-falsos-remedios-covid19-siguen-copando-las-redes/. Accessed March 26, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Salud con lupa, 2020. Coronavirus La Salud en Tiempos de Pandemia. Available at: https://saludconlupa.com/series/coronavirus/. Accessed March 25, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Maldita.es, 2020. Bulos del coronavirus: 299 mentiras, alertas falsas y desinformaciones sobre COVID-19. Available at: https://maldita.es/malditobulo/2020/03/17/coronavirus-bulos-pandemia-prevenir-virus. Accessed May 13, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. MINJUS, 2020. Quienes desinformen a la ciudadanía con noticias falsas para obtener un beneficio o perturbar la tranquilidad pública serán sancionados con pena privativa de la libertad. Comparte solo información oficial del #COVID19, ¡no difundas #FakeNews! #PerúEstáEnNuestrasManos. Available at: https://twitter.com/MinjusDH_Peru/status/1247871817815150592?s=20. Accessed May 18, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. MINJUS, 1991. Código Penal del Perú: Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos del Perú. Accessed May 15, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Empresas con salud, 2020. Twitter tomará medidas contra los usuarios que difundan información falsa sobre el coronavirus. Available at: https://www.consalud.es/ecsalud/internacional/twitter-eliminara-plataforma-usuarios-aporten-informacion-falsa-coronavirus_73744_102.html. Accessed March 26, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Valinsky J, 2020. Amazon Deleted 1 Million Items for Price Gouging or False Advertising about Coronavirus. Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/02/tech/amazon-coronavirus-products/index.html. Accessed March 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Kan M, 2020. eBay Bans Sales of Face Masks, Hand Sanitizer to Stop Coronavirus Price Gouging. Available at: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/347346. Accessed May 14, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. BBC News, 2020. Coronavirus: Amazon Removes Overpriced Goods and Fake Cures. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-51675183 Accessed March 23, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Ashrafi-Rizi H, Kazempour Z, 2020. Information typology in coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis; a commentary. Arch Academic Emerg Med 8: e19.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Hudson L, Samons KM, Dicken HE, Prichard C, Weiss LT, Edward J, Vanderpool RC, Vanderford NL, 2020. A brief educational intervention enhances basic cancer literacy among Kentucky middle and high school students. J Cancer Educ doi:10.1007/s13187-020-01696-3.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Abd-Alrazaq A, Alhuwail D, Househ M, Hamdi M, Shah Z, 2020. Top concerns of tweeters during the COVID-19 pandemic: infoveillance study. J Med Internet Res 22: e19016.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. NHS, 2020. NHS Takes Action against Coronavirus Fake News Online. Available at: https://www.england.nhs.uk/2020/03/nhs-takes-action-against-coronavirus-fake-news-online/. Accessed March 26, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. PAHO, 2020. Risk Communication: Guidelines and Technical Reports. Available at: https://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12801:2016-risk-communication-guidelines-technical-reports&Itemid=42221&lang=en. Accessed March 25, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Kaliyar RK, Goswami A, Narang P, Sinha S, 2020. FNDNet – a deep convolutional neural network for fake news detection. Cogn Syst Res 61: 3244.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Lovell T, 2020. NHS Joins Forces with Tech Firms to Stop the Spread of COVID-19 Misinformation. Facebook, Google and Twitter Take Action to Ensure Accurate Health Advice on Their Platforms. Available at: https://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/europe/nhs-joins-forces-tech-firms-stop-spread-covid-19-misinformation. Accessed March 25, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0536
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0536
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 24 May 2020
  • Accepted : 28 May 2020
  • Published online : 04 Jun 2020
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error