image of Evaluation of PfHRP2 and PfLDH Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test Performance in Assosa Zone, Ethiopia
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


In malaria-endemic countries, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) targeting histidine-rich protein 2 (PfHRP2) and lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH) have been widely used. However, little is known regarding the diagnostic performances of these RDTs in the Assosa zone of northwest Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic performances of PfHRP2 and PfLDH RDTs using microscopy and quantitative PCR (qPCR) as a reference test. A health facility–based cross-sectional study design was conducted from malaria-suspected study participants at selected health centers from November to December 2018. Finger-prick blood samples were collected for microscopy, RDTs, and qPCR method. The prevalence of was 26.4%, 30.3%, and 24.1% as determined by microscopy, PfHRP2 RDT, and PfLDH RDT, respectively. Compared with microscopy, the sensitivity and specificity of the PfHRP2 RDT were 96% and 93%, respectively, and those of the PfLDH RDT were 89% and 99%, respectively. Compared with qPCR, the specificity of the PfHRP2 RDT (93%) and PfLDH RDT (98%) was high, but the sensitivity of the PfHRP2 RDT (77%) and PfLDH RDT (70%) was relatively low. These malaria RDTs and reference microscopy methods showed reasonable agreement with a kappa value above 0.85 and provided accurate diagnosis of malaria. Thus, the current malaria RDT in the Ministry of Health program can be used in the Assosa zone of Ethiopia. However, continuous monitoring of the performance of PfHRP2 RDT is important to support control and elimination of malaria in Ethiopia.


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  • Received : 15 May 2020
  • Accepted : 26 Jun 2020
  • Published online : 24 Aug 2020
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