Volume 102, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), named a pandemic by the WHO, is the current global health crisis. National and international collaboration are indispensable for combating COVID-19 and other similar potential outbreaks. International efforts to tackle this complex problem have led to remarkable scientific advances. Yet, as a global society, we can and must take additional measures to fight this pandemic. Undoubtedly, our approach toward COVID-19 was not perfect, and testing has not been deployed fast enough to arrest the epidemic early on. It is critical that we revise our approaches to be more prepared for pandemics as a united body by promoting global cooperation and commitment.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Perc M, Gorišek Miksić N, Slavinec M, Stožer A, 2020. Forecasting COVID-19. PLoS One 8: 127.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, 2019. A World at Risk: Annual Report on Global Preparedness for Health Emergencies. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bennett B, Carney T, 2015. Planning for pandemics: lessons from the past decade. J Bioeth Inq 12: 419428.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. McCloskey B, Heymann DL, 2020. SARS to novel coronavirus - old lessons and new lessons. Epidemiol Infect 148: e22.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF, 2020. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet 395: 470473.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. WHO, 2020. WHO Director-General’s Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19 18 March 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---18-march-2020. Accessed March 30, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Heymann DL, Shindo N, WHO Scientific and Technical Advisory Group for Infectious Hazards, 2020. COVID-19: what is next for public health? Lancet 395: 542545.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. WHO, 2020. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report –78. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. WHO, 2020. Laboratory Testing for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Suspected Human Cases. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Saghazadeh A, Rezaei N, 2020. Immune-epidemiological parameters of the novel coronavirus – a perspective. Expert Rev Clin Immunol 16.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Yousefzadegan S, Rezaei N, 2020. Death due to COVID-19 in three brothers. Am J Trop Med Hyg 102: 12031204.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, 2017. About Us. Available at: https://apps.who.int/gpmb/about.html.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. WHO, 2005. The International Health Regulations. Available at: https://www.who.int/ihr/publications/9789241596664/en/. Accessed April 1, 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Received : 12 Apr 2020
  • Accepted : 16 Apr 2020
  • Published online : 22 Apr 2020
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error