1921
image of Dynamics and Outcomes of Plasmodium Infections in Grammomys surdaster (Grammomys dolichurus) Thicket Rats versus Inbred Mice
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Investigations of malaria infection are often conducted by studying rodent species in inbred laboratory mice, but the efficacy of vaccines or adjunctive therapies observed in these models often does not translate to protection in humans. This raises concerns that mouse malaria models do not recapitulate important features of human malaria infections. African woodland thicket rats () are the natural host for the rodent malaria parasite and the suspected natural host for . Previously, we reported that thicket rats are highly susceptible to diverse rodent parasite species, including , , and , and are a more stringent model to assess the efficacy of whole-sporozoite vaccines than laboratory mice. Here, we compare the course of infection and virulence with additional rodent species, including various strains of , , , and , in thicket rats versus laboratory mice. We present evidence that rodent malaria parasite growth typically differs between the natural versus nonnatural host; limit infection by multiple rodent malaria strains, delaying and reducing peak parasitemia compared with laboratory mice. The course of malaria infection in thicket rats varied depending on parasite species and strain, resulting in self-cure, chronic parasitemia, or rapidly lethal infection, thus offering a variety of rodent malaria models to study different clinical outcomes in the natural host.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0183
2020-08-17
2020-09-28
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0183
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  • Received : 10 Mar 2020
  • Accepted : 25 Jun 2020
  • Published online : 17 Aug 2020
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