1921
Volume 103, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

Patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in any stage of the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) scale, if requiring mechanical ventilation (MV), are likely to have a poor outcome. We report the usefulness of BMRC, BMRC-MV, and BMRC-hydrocephalus (BMRC-HC) staging, and Haydarpasa Meningitis Severity Index (HAMSI) scoring in predicting the outcome of TBM. One hundred ninety-seven TBM patients were analyzed from a prospectively maintained TBM registry. The severity of meningitis was categorized using BMRC (stages I–III), BMRC-MV (I–IV [MV patients were grouped as stage IV]), and BMRC-HC (I–IV [BMRC stage III patients with hydrocephalus were grouped as stage IV]). Haydarpasa Meningitis Severity Index scoring was categorized as < 6 and ≥ 6. The outcome was defined at 6 months using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) as death, poor (mRS score > 2), or good (mRS score ≤ 2). Forty-nine (25%) patients died. BMRC-mechanical ventilation stage IV had the highest predictive value for defining death, with a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 86%. About 81.7% of surviving patients had a good outcome at 6 months. BMRC-mechanical ventilation stages I–III had the highest predictive value for defining good outcome, with a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 61%. In TBM, BMRC-MV staging has the best predictive value for defining death and disability.

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Supplemental tables

  • Received : 29 Jan 2020
  • Accepted : 15 Apr 2020
  • Published online : 26 May 2020
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