Volume 102, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Uganda has verified elimination of seven onchocerciasis foci since 2007 when the nationwide onchocerciasis elimination policy was launched. However, the Victoria Nile focus (which was eliminated in the early 1970s) had not been verified. The objective of this study was to verify this focus to the WHO verification guidelines and bring it in line with recently eliminated foci. Vector control with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane was the main intervention used at the Victoria Nile from the 1950s to the 1970s. Historical fly collection sites along River Nile were identified for recent fly collection. Relevant health workers near the sites were trained to supervise fly collection activity. With support from communities, fly collectors were identified, trained, and equipped to collect flies for at least a year. A total of 854 flies were collected and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction to detect DNA. The communities and their leaders provided consent for the collection of dry blood spots (DBS) from children younger than 10 years for investigation of recent exposure to the disease. A total of 2,953 DBS were collected and analyzed by OV16 ELISA to detect the presence of IgG antibodies recognizing the OV16 antigen. The results showed that none of the flies carried DNA. Similarly, all the children were OV16 negative, showing no exposure to onchocerciasis. All the flies collected were identified as , which is not a known vector for The results confirmed that onchocerciasis and its vector had been eliminated in the Victoria Nile focus.


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  • Received : 24 Jan 2020
  • Accepted : 03 Mar 2020
  • Published online : 30 Mar 2020
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