1921
Volume 61, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Melioidosis, an infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia. The septicemic form of melioidosis is the leading cause of death due to community-acquired bacteremia in the northeastern part of Thailand. The delay in isolation and identification of the causative organism is a major contributing factor to the high mortality. The present study describes the evaluation of a latex agglutination test for rapid identification of the bacteria directly from blood cultures. The Bps-L1 monoclonal antibody recognized the lipopolysaccharide antigen of 96.8% of B. pseudomallei clinical isolates and was highly specific for B. pseudomallei. The diagnostic value of the latex agglutination test based on Bps-L1 monoclonal antibody was prospectively evaluated in an area endemic for melioidosis. The agglutination test kit was evaluated in 88 blood cultures with gram-negative bacteria identified with Gram staining. The sensitivity and specificity of the test kit were both 100%. These results indicated that the detection of B. pseudomallei lipopolysaccharide by specific monoclonal antibody in a latex agglutination format is clinically useful for the rapid identification of the bacteria in blood cultures in areas endemic for melioidosis.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1999.61.658
1999-10-01
2019-02-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1999.61.658
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error