1921
Volume 60, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

A commercial capture ELISA for specific IgM and IgG antibodies produced during dengue infection (PanBio Dengue Duo) showed excellent sensitivity (99%, n = 78) using sera collected at hospital discharge compared with established ELISA and hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assays. Furthermore, the ELISA was able to diagnose 79% of the dengue cases using sera collected at hospital admission. The ELISA also showed high specificity (92%) in paired sera from patients without flavivirus infection (n = 26), although 45% of the patients with Japanese encephalitis (n = 20) showed elevation of IgG but not IgM. The IgG capture ELISA showed good correlation with the HAI assay (r = 0.83, P < 0.0001), and IgG levels could be used to distinguish between primary and secondary infection, with 100% of primary infections and 96% of secondary infections being correctly classified. This ELISA should prove useful in the clinical diagnosis of dengue infections.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1999.60.693
1999-04-01
2017-11-22
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