1921
Volume 59, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Asian freshwater clams (Corbicula fluminea) were exposed for 24 hr in 38 liters of water contaminated with 1.0 x 10(5) Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts (2.6 x 10(3) oocysts/L). The hemolyph and gill smears of 30 clams were examined by acid-fast stain on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, and 18 postexposure (PE). Since no oocysts were detected in the water 24 hr after contamination by the membrane filter-dissolution method, the oocyst retention rate was 4.6 X 10(2) oocysts/clam. The prevalence of oocyst-positive clams significantly decreased (P < 0.01) from 93% to 47% during 13 days PE. None of the clams contained oocysts on day 18 PE; no oocysts were detected in the clam feces. The numbers of oocysts recovered from six clam size classes varied and significantly decreased with smaller clam size (P < 0.01). The lowest prevalence values of oocyst-positive clams, 45% and 34%, were observed in the two lowest size classes: 12.1-14.0 mm and 14.1-16.0 mm, respectively. The prevalence values in the remaining four classes ranged from 84% to 100%. The sampling program demonstrated that the population of 180 clams examined during the study up to 13 day PE could be assessed for C. cayetanensis positivity by random testing of a minimum of 75 clams (42%). When the two lowest clam size classes are eliminated, the population of 114 clams could be assessed by sampling a minimum of 32 clams (28%). The results demonstrate that Corbicula fluminea can recover waterborne oocysts of C. cayetanensis, and could be used as biological indicators of contamination of water with C. cayetanensis oocysts.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.928
1998-12-01
2017-09-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.928
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error