1921
Volume 59, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

The individual and public health impact of female genital schistosomiasis (FGS) has been studied and FGS as a risk factor for acquiring human immunodeficiency virus is discussed. In a community-based study in Tanzania, 40% of the women of child-bearing age (n=543) showed excretion of Schistosoma haematobium eggs in the urine (median=2.2 eggs/10 ml of urine) and 32% (n=263) had S. haematobium eggs in their cervical tissue. Urinary and genital schistosomiasis coexisted in 62% of the women, but S. haematobium eggs were found in the cervix without detectable egg excretion in the urine in 23%. Only 43% of the FGS cases had hematuria. Since FGS frequently exists in women with scanty or no egg excretion in the urine and because this disease manifestation is a considerable individual and public health hazard in S. haematobium-endemic areas, mass treatment targeted to women of child-bearing age should be considered.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.782
1998-11-01
2017-09-21
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