Volume 59, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (DBP) is essential during merozoite invasion into human erythrocytes. Because of its biological importance, the DBP is also seen to have potential use as a malaria blood-stage vaccine. We have used a soluble recombinant DBP (rDBP) containing the functional ligand domain to assess the natural immunogenicity of DBP in a low-endemic vivax malaria region. Human sera from adult residents from a Colombian village with unstable vivax malaria transmission reacted specifically with the rDBP as determined by ELISA. There was a significant positive correlation between increased antibody response (average, median, and percent positives) and age of patients, although the level of responses did vary considerably in their reactivity to the rDBP from negative to very high level within each age group. These data confirm previous findings on the serologic reactivity of the DBP in exposed populations and that immunologic boosting to the DBP occurs in malaria-endemic regions even with low-level transmission.


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