1921
Volume 59, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

We report a simplified reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method for identification of Brazilian flaviviruses based on the patterns of electrophoretic separation of the amplicons. The RT-PCR was done on the culture fluids of Aedes albopictus C6/36 cells infected with Brazilian flaviviruses, without previous extraction of viral RNA, using Flavivirus universal primers that anneal to highly conserved sequences within the nonstructural protein 5 and 3'- non translated region of the virus genome. Genomes of 13 Brazilian Flavivirus isolates were amplified. It was not possible to amplify the genome of Bussuquara virus. Analysis of the RT-PCR products gave reproducible results and three distinct amplicon patterns were observed. Cacipacoré (800-850 basepairs [bp]) and yellow fever viruses (600 bp) yielded a single amplicon; dengue virus types 1 and 2 (650 and 550 bp), dengue virus type 4 (550 and 450 bp), Iguape (650-600 bp and 750-700 bp), St. Louis encephalitis (700 and 650-600 bp), and Rocio viruses (600 and 500-550 bp) yielded two amplicons; and Ilheus virus yielded five amplicons, two larger than 1,000 bp, one 650-700 bp, one 550-600 bp, and one 450-500 bp. The analysis of amplicon DNA sequences of six viruses showed homology with the 3'- nontranslated region of Flavivirus genome. The use of the Flavivirus universal primers in this simple RT-PCR technique is suitable as a screening test for the genus Flavivirus, with the exception of Bussuquara virus, in Brazilian isolates in tissue culture fluid.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.357
1998-09-01
2018-12-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.357
Loading

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error